Psychometric Evaluation of a New Instrument in Spanish to Measure Self-Care Requisites in Patients With Schizophrenia

Authors

  • Juan Roldán-Merino PhD, RN, MHSN,

    Registered Nurse, Mental Health Specialistic Nursing, Professor of Psychiatric Nursing, Corresponding author
    1. Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    2. Campus Docent Sant Joan de Déu-Fundació Privada, School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    3. CIBERSAM (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental), Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Teresa Lluch-Canut PhD, RN, MHSN,

    Registered Nurse, Mental Health Specialistic Nursing, Professor of Psychosocial and Mental Health Nursing
    1. School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Manoli Menarguez-Alcaina Bachelor of Nursing, RN, MHSN,

    Registered Nurse, Mental Health Specialistic Nursing
    1. Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Alexandrina Foix-Sanjuan BSN, RN, MHSN,

    Registered Nurse, Mental Health Specialistic Nursing
    1. Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    2. CIBERSAM (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental), Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Josep Maria Haro Abad MD, PhD,

    Psychiatrist, group coordinator
    1. Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    2. CIBERSAM (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental), Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    3. University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • QuestERA Working Group


  • Conflict of Interest Statement
  • The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a new instrument in Spanish designed to measure self-care requisites in patients with schizophrenia treated in the community.

Design and Methods

The first phase was conducted to develop the questionnaire through a panel of experts and evaluate for content validity. Psychometric evaluation was then conducted with a consecutive sample of 341 patients.

Findings

The scale demonstrated good internal consistency and stability over time. The discriminant and convergent validity was satisfactory. The confirmatory factor analysis showed that the theoretical model fits the self-care requisites proposed by Orem's nursing theory from which it originated.

Practice Implications

This scale is a valid and reliable instrument for use in clinical practice, guiding the nurse in developing the most appropriate care plan for each patient.

Ancillary