Conflict of Interest Statement
Mechanical Restraint in Psychiatry: Preventive Factors in Theory and Practice. A Danish–Norwegian Association Study
Article first published online: 1 AUG 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Volume 50, Issue 3, pages 155–166, July 2014
How to Cite
Bak, J., Zoffmann, V., Sestoft, D. M., Almvik, R. and Brandt-Christensen, M. (2014), Mechanical Restraint in Psychiatry: Preventive Factors in Theory and Practice. A Danish–Norwegian Association Study. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 50: 155–166. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12036
There are no known financial, personal, ethical, political, academic, or other conflicts of interest.
- Issue published online: 7 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 1 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 10 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 5 APR 2013
- Health Science Research Foundation in the Capital Region of Denmark
- Mental Health Services in the Capital Region of Denmark
- Mental Health Centre Sankt Hans, Copenhagen University Hospital
- mental health;
- physical restraint;
To examine how potential mechanical restraint preventive factors in hospitals are associated with the frequency of mechanical restraint episodes.
Design and Methods
This study employed a retrospective association design, and linear regression was used to assess the associations.
Three mechanical restraint preventive factors were significantly associated with low rates of mechanical restraint use: mandatory review (exp[B] = .36, p < .01), patient involvement (exp[B] = .42, p < .01), and no crowding (exp[B] = .54, p < .01).
None of the three mechanical restraint preventive factors presented any adverse effects; therefore, units should seriously consider implementing these measures.