Conflict of Interest Statement
Need for Care and Life Satisfaction in Adult Substance Use Disorder Patients With and Without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Version of Record online: 10 JAN 2014
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 4–15, January 2015
How to Cite
Kronenberg, L. M., Goossens, P. J. J., van Etten, D. M., van Achterberg, T. and van den Brink, W. (2015), Need for Care and Life Satisfaction in Adult Substance Use Disorder Patients With and Without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 51: 4–15. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12056
Wim van den Brink has received honoraria from Lundbeck, Merck Serono, Schering-Plough, Reckitt Benckiser, Pfizer, and Eli Lilly; speaker's fees from Lundbeck; investigator-initiated industry grants from Alkermes, Neurosearch, and Eli Lilly; is a consultant to Lundbeck, Merck Serono, Schering-Plough, and Teva; and has performed paid expert testimony for Schering-Plough. Linda Kronenberg has received funding from Dimence regarding a PhD study.
- Issue online: 13 JAN 2015
- Version of Record online: 10 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 25 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Received: 23 MAY 2013
- Eli Lilly
- Dimence regarding a PhD study
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;
- autism spectrum disorder;
- care need;
- quality of life;
- substance use disorder
To identify care needs of adult substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Design and Methods
An exploratory study using the European Addiction Severity Index, the Camberwell Assessment of Needs, and the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life to assess and compare care needs and perceived quality of life.
All patients are dissatisfied with parts of their existence. SUD patients have fewer care needs than SUD patients with co-occurring ADHD or ASD. The SUD and SUD + ADHD groups report needs in similar domains. The SUD + ASD group shows a greater number of and more extensive care needs.
Differences in the care needs of adult SUD patients with and without ADHD or ASD should be taken into account when developing evidence-based nursing care interventions.