Psychiatric Nursing Care for Adult Survivors of Child Maltreatment: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Authors

  • Yvonne C. van der Zalm RN,

    MScN Student, Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Clinical Health Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    2. Rivierduinen, Oegstgeest, The Netherlands
    3. Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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  • Willem A. Nugteren RN,

    MScN Student
    1. Faculty of Clinical Health Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    2. Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    3. Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands
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  • Thóra B. Hafsteinsdóttir RN, PhD,

    Associate Professor
    1. Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sport, University Medical Center Utrecht, and the faculty of Clinical Health Sciences, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • Cokky G. J. M. van der Venne RN, MA,

    1. Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    2. Parnassia Academy, Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands
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  • Nienke Kool RN, MScN,

    1. Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    2. Palier/Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands
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  • Berno van Meijel RN, PhD

    Associate Professor of Mental Health Nursing
    1. Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    2. Parnassia Academy, Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands
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  • Conflict of Interest Statement

    The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.

Abstract

Purpose

To determine what is known from the literature about nursing care of psychiatric patients with a history of child maltreatment.

Conclusions

Psychiatric nurses underline the importance of a routine inquiry of child abuse on admission of patients to psychiatric care, but are reluctant to ask about child abuse. They often feel insufficiently competent to respond effectively to patients with a history of child maltreatment.

Practice Implications

Psychiatric nurses need training in how to assess a history of child abuse and the late-life consequences of abuse in adult psychiatric patients. They also need to be trained to respond effectively to these patients.

Ancillary