AUTHORS' NOTE: We thank anonymous reviewers, the editor of Presidential Studies Quarterly, and our colleague Professor Will Hazleton for invaluable suggestions.
Assessing the Rhetorical Side of Presidential Signing Statements
Version of Record online: 2 MAY 2013
© 2013 Center for the Study of the Presidency
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Volume 43, Issue 2, pages 274–298, June 2013
How to Cite
Kelley, C. S., Marshall, B. W. and Watts, D. J. (2013), Assessing the Rhetorical Side of Presidential Signing Statements. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 43: 274–298. doi: 10.1111/psq.12024
- Issue online: 2 MAY 2013
- Version of Record online: 2 MAY 2013
Recent work on the constitutional signing statement suggests such tools can be designed to defend constitutional and institutional powers or help presidents shape policy. Much less is known about rhetorical signing statements and their significance for presidential power. Our analysis from 1981-2008 demonstrates that rhetorical signing statements are calculated messages that vary in purpose from heaping praise on Congress to credit claiming and building political capital. The findings highlight the role of political conditions like divided government and presidential approval levels as well as salience of legislative opportunities in explaining the type of rhetorical message aimed at Congress.