The work was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
The effect of early group psychotherapy on depressive symptoms and quality of life among residents of an apartment building for seniors
Article first published online: 8 JAN 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Psychogeriatrics © 2014 Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Volume 14, Issue 1, pages 38–46, March 2014
How to Cite
Wang, C.-C., Tzeng, D.-S. and Chung, W.-C. (2014), The effect of early group psychotherapy on depressive symptoms and quality of life among residents of an apartment building for seniors. Psychogeriatrics, 14: 38–46. doi: 10.1111/psyg.12037
- Issue published online: 19 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 8 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 10 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Received: 19 JUL 2013
- depressive symptoms;
- group psychotherapy;
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of group psychotherapy on depressive symptoms and four domains of quality of life in the elderly.
Ninety-six elderly persons were selected from one apartment building for seniors. The 15-question version of the Geriatric Depression Scale was used to screen for depressive symptoms. The treatment and control groups each comprised 12 subjects. The treatment group received one session of group psychotherapy each week for 8 weeks. The 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scale were used for assessment at the beginning of group psychotherapy and during the fourth and eighth weeks.
The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale score decreased significantly in the treatment group by the eighth week of group psychotherapy compared to the control group (4.9 ± 3.6 vs 17.6 ± 6.4, respectively; P < 0.0001). The World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF score decreased significantly in the control group by the eighth week compared to the treatment group (95.3 ± 9.9 vs 80.2 ± 10.6, respectively; P = 0.002) with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale interaction (χ2 = 2.11, P = 0.146). Analysis of the four quality of life domains showed significant differences in the psychological and social domains (P = 0.004 and P = 0.004, respectively) but not in the physical and environmental domains (P = 0.133 and P = 0.147, respectively).
These findings suggest that studies of the outcome of group psychotherapy must control for depressive symptoms. Quality of life may have been mediated by depression in this preliminary study.