We thank research assistants Brittney Reyes and Katie Kao for help with the data collection and research assistant John Peng for help with manuscript formatting. This research was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (PBGEP1-125914, PA00P1_139593, PBFRP1-127896, PA00P1_136380).
The psychophysiology of mixed emotional states
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research
Volume 50, Issue 8, pages 799–811, August 2013
How to Cite
Kreibig, S. D., Samson, A. C. and Gross, J. J. (2013), The psychophysiology of mixed emotional states. Psychophysiology, 50: 799–811. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12064
- Issue published online: 1 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 APR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 23 JUN 2012
- Swiss National Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: PBGEP1-125914, PA00P1_139593, PBFRP1-127896, PA00P1_136380
- Mixed emotional states;
- Autonomic response patterns;
How to conceptualize mixed emotional states is a central issue in the field of affective science. Nondifferentiation, additive, and emergence accounts of mixed emotions make divergent predictions regarding physiological responses in mixed emotions. To test these predictions, 43 women watched film clips that elicited amusement, disgust, or mixed emotions while feeling self-report, facial electromyography, cardiovascular, electrodermal, and respiratory measures were assessed. Simultaneous self-reports of amusement and disgust confirmed elicitation of a mixed emotional state. Physiologically, mixed emotions differed from pure amusement and pure disgust both in intensity and pattern. This suggests a distinct physiological response of the mixed emotional state, as predicted by the emergence account of mixed emotions. Implications for emotion theory and research are discussed.