The authors would like to thank Prof. Richard Jennings for helpful discussions about a previous version of the manuscript. This work was supported by the Dutch Science Foundation (NWO, grant number 461-090525) as part of the EUROVETO project (09-ECRP-020) of the European Science Foundation.
Developmental change in intentional action and inhibition: A heart rate analysis
Article first published online: 30 MAY 2013
Copyright © 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research
Volume 50, Issue 8, pages 812–819, August 2013
How to Cite
Schel, M. A., Windhorst, D. A., van der Molen, M. W. and Crone, E. A. (2013), Developmental change in intentional action and inhibition: A heart rate analysis. Psychophysiology, 50: 812–819. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12065
- Issue published online: 1 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 30 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 24 SEP 2012
- Dutch Science Foundation. Grant Number: 461-090525
- European Science Foundation
- Response inhibition;
- Heart rate;
The ability to inhibit is a major developmental dimension. Previous studies examined developmental change in instructed inhibition. The current study, however, focused on intentional inhibition. We examined heart rate responses to intentional action and inhibition, with a focus on developmental differences. Three age groups (8–10, 11–12, and 18–26 years) performed a child-friendly marble paradigm in which they had to choose between intentionally acting on, or inhibiting, a prepotent response. As instructed, all age groups chose to intentionally inhibit on approximately 50 percent of the intentional trials. A pronounced heart rate deceleration was observed during both intentional action and intentional inhibition, but this deceleration was most pronounced for intentional inhibition. Heart rate responses did not differentiate between age groups, suggesting that intentional action and inhibition reach mature levels early in childhood.