We thank Ivan V. Brack, Tatyana E. Rau, Lisa Marie Baranov, and Viktor P. Makhnev for their technical assistance on this project.
The temporal dynamics of cognitive reappraisal: Cardiovascular consequences of downregulation of negative emotion and upregulation of positive emotion
Article first published online: 17 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research
Volume 51, Issue 2, pages 178–186, February 2014
How to Cite
Pavlov, S. V., Reva, N. V., Loktev, K. V., Tumyalis, A. V., Korenyok, V. V. and Aftanas, L. I. (2014), The temporal dynamics of cognitive reappraisal: Cardiovascular consequences of downregulation of negative emotion and upregulation of positive emotion. Psychophysiology, 51: 178–186. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12159
- Issue published online: 15 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 17 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 17 APR 2013
- Emotion regulation;
- Cardiovascular activity;
- Affective images
This study examines the effects of cognitive reappraisal on the cardiovascular response to affective stimuli. Participants (N = 53) were shown affective images and were asked either to attend to the images, or to downregulate negative affect through reappraisal of negative images or upregulate positive affect through reappraisal of positive images while continuous measures of cardiovascular activity were recorded. Reappraisal of negative images was associated with lower total peripheral resistance and larger cardiac output in the prestimulus period, whereas reappraisal of positive images was associated with less pronounced decreases of heart rate, cardiac output, and mean blood pressure in the viewing period as compared to unregulated conditions. The results indicate that cognitive reappraisal engenders adaptive hemodynamic profiles both during anticipation and during viewing of affective images depending on their valence and the regulatory goal.