This work was supported by the Ghent University Multidisciplinary Research Partnership “The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control,” a GOA grant of Ghent University, and by grant P6/29 from the Interuniversity Attraction Poles program of the Belgian Federal Government.
Changing your mind before it is too late: The electrophysiological correlates of online error correction during response selection
Version of Record online: 7 MAY 2014
Copyright © 2014 Society for Psychophysiological Research
Volume 51, Issue 8, pages 746–760, August 2014
How to Cite
Roger, C., Núñez Castellar, E., Pourtois, G. and Fias, W. (2014), Changing your mind before it is too late: The electrophysiological correlates of online error correction during response selection. Psychophysiology, 51: 746–760. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12224
- Issue online: 10 JUL 2014
- Version of Record online: 7 MAY 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 7 OCT 2013
- Ghent University Multidisciplinary Research Partnership
- Interuniversity Attraction Poles program of the Belgian Federal Government. Grant Number: P6/29
- Executive control;
- Motor cortex;
Inhibiting actions when they are no longer appropriate is essential for adaptive goal-directed behavior. In this study, we used high-density EEG and a standard flanker task to explore the spatiotemporal dynamics of cognitive control and inhibitory mechanisms aimed to prevent the commission of errors. By recording hand-related electromyographic activity, we could disentangle successful from unsuccessful inhibition attempts. Our results confirm that (a) the latency of the error-related negativity (ERN; or Ne) component is too late to be associated with these online inhibitory mechanisms, and (b) instead, a frontal slow negative component with an earlier time course was associated with the implementation of online inhibition. These findings are consistent with single-cell recordings in monkeys showing that the supplementary motor area provides cognitive control signals to the primary motor cortex to exert online inhibition and in turn rectify the course of erroneous actions.