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President Lincoln, the Civil War, and the Dawn of Gender Representation in the U.S. Federal Bureaucracy


  • Spencer P. Burns is a master of public administration student at Appalachian State University and holds a bachelor's degree in history secondary education. He is pursuing a career in local government administration with a focus on fi scal management and economic development.

  • Mark D. Bradbury is director of the master of public administration program at Appalachian State University and has published numerous articles examining diversity and other public human resource management issues. E-mail:

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