Community-based climate change adaptation strategies for integrated prawn–fish–rice farming in Bangladesh to promote social–ecological resilience


  • Nesar Ahmed,

    1. Department of Fisheries Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
    2. SA Water Centre for Water Management and Reuse, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
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  • Stuart W. Bunting,

    Corresponding author
    1. Essex Sustainability Institute, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    • Correspondence

      Stuart W. Bunting, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK. Email:

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  • Sanzidur Rahman,

    1. School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
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  • Christopher J. Garforth

    1. School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, UK
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Farming freshwater prawns with fish in rice fields is widespread in the coastal region of southwest Bangladesh because of favourable resources and ecological conditions. This article provides an overview of an ecosystem-based approach to integrated prawn–fish–rice farming in southwest Bangladesh. The practice of prawn and fish farming in rice fields is a form of integrated aquaculture–agriculture, which provides a wide range of social, economic and environmental benefits. Integrated prawn–fish–rice farming plays an important role in the economy of Bangladesh, earning foreign exchange and increasing food production. However, this unique farming system in coastal Bangladesh is particularly vulnerable to climate change. We suggest that community-based adaptation strategies must be developed to cope with the challenges. We propose that integrated prawn–fish–rice farming could be relocated from the coastal region to less vulnerable inland areas, but caution that this will require appropriate adaptation strategies and an enabling institutional environment.