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Constitution, Over Determination and Causal Power


  • Brian Jonathan Garrett

  • Thanks for the useful and spirited discussion from conference participants on the work of Professor Baker, University of Buffalo, 2009. Thanks also for comments and critique from Ratio's anonymous reviewer.


Kim's exclusion argument threatens to show that irreducible constituted objects are epiphenomenal. Kim's arguments are examined and found to be unconvincing; that a constituted cause requires its constituent to be a cause is not an adequate reason to reject the causation of the constituted object (event or property-instance). However, I introduce and argue for, the Causal Power Uniqueness Condition (CPUC). I argue that CPUC and the causal closure of the physical, implies that constituted objects or property-instances are not novel causal powers.