Physiologic Responses Following Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Immunization in Intact Male Dogs


Author's address (for correspondence): C Donovan, Department of Animal and Rangeland Sciences, Oregon State University, 315 Withycombe Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. E-mail:


We investigated the use of a commercial gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) vaccine as a method of temporary and reversible immunocastration in intact male dogs. Four privately owned dogs were vaccinated twice at 4-week intervals. Blood samples were collected at 0, 4, 12 and 20 weeks following the initial vaccination. These samples were analysed for GnRH antibody titres, luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone concentrations. Scrotal measurements were made at the time of sample collection, and testicular volume was calculated using the formula of an ellipsoid. As a result of vaccination, dogs displayed an elevated GnRH antibody titre, decreased LH and testosterone concentrations and decreased testicular volume, which reversed by the end of the study period. Therefore, these results suggest that immunizing against GnRH may be a possible choice for temporary and reversible immunocastration.