Effect of Supplementation of Taurine or Trehalose in Extender on Immunolocalization of Tyrosine Phosphoproteins in Buffalo and Cattle (Karan Fries) Cryopreserved Spermatozoa


Author's address (for correspondence): SK Atreja, Animal Biochemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India. E-mail skatreja@rediffmail.com; rajndri@gmail.com


The present study assessed the effects of incorporation of Taurine or Trehalose in extender on immunolocalization of tyrosine phosphoproteins, Cryocapacitation and other sperm quality parameters (motility, viability and membrane integrity) in post-thawed sperm from Buffalo (Murrah) and Cattle (Karan Fries). Six ejaculates from six individual bulls from both species were chosen at random and split into four aliquots: one aliquot without dilution (fresh sample), another diluted in egg yolk tris-citrate (EYTC) extender and the rest of aliquots with EYTC dilution supplemented with taurine (50 mm) or trehalose (100 mm), respectively, and cryopreserved. Following cryopreservation, semen were thawed and assessed for standard semen quality parameters. Extent of capacitation in cryopreserved spermatozoa was measured by inducing in vitro acrosome reaction followed by dual staining. Immunolocalization of tyrosine phosphoproteins was carried out by immunocytochemistry using primary antibody clone pT-154 (anti-phosphotyrosine antibody) and FITC-conjugated secondary antibody. Immunofluorescent signals were analysed for level of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in spermatozoa. Post-thaw semen evaluation showed supplementation of taurine or trehalose to EYTC extender significantly (p < 0.05) increased motility, viability and membrane integrity of spermatozoa in both species. Percentage of cryocapacitated spermatozoa was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in cattle as compared to buffalo and degree of cryocapacitaion of spermatozoa decreased significantly (p < 0.05) upon supplementation of additives in both the species. It was also found that tyrosine phosphoproteins were localized differentially in fresh and cryopreserved spermatozoa. Supplementation of taurine or trehalose to freezing extender changed the localization of tyrosine phosphoproteins in cryopreserved spermatozoa similar to fresh in both the species. The results obtained clearly indicated that supplementation of taurine or trehalose to EYTC prior to cryopreservation improves Buffalo and Cattle sperm quality in terms of cryocapacitation and immunolocalization of tyrosine phosphoproteins during freezing–thawing process.