Optimization Protocol for Storage of Goldfish (Carassius auratus) Embryos in Chilled State

Authors

  • F Shaluei,

    Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Department of Fisheries, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
    • Author's address (for correspondence): F Shaluei, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Department of Fisheries, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, PO Box 45165-386 Gorgan, Iran. E-mail: fardin.shaluei@gmail.com

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  • MR Imanpoor,

    1. Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Department of Fisheries, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
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  • A Shabani,

    1. Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Department of Fisheries, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
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  • MH Nasr-Esfahani

    1. Department of Reproduction and Development, Royan Institute for Animal Biotechnology, ACECR, Isfahan, Iran
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Contents

A series of five experiments were conducted to explore suitable conditions for storing of goldfish embryos in a chilled state. The factors studied were embryo stage, storage temperature, physiological saline solutions and goldfish artificial coelomic fluid (GFACF) medium, antibiotics (penicillin and streptomycin), antioxidants (vitamin E, vitamin C), buffer (Hepes, Tris) and BSA (bovine serum albumin). First, goldfish embryos at eight developmental stages were incubated in aerated and dechlorinated tap water at 0°C for 24 h. Result shows that early developmental stages were most sensitive to chilling. Heartbeat-stage goldfish embryos were chilled at 0, 4 or 8°C for up to 72 h in water, and chilled storage was possible only for up to 18, 24 and 48 h at 0, 4 and 8°C, respectively, without a decrease in viability. Chilling of goldfish embryos at 8°C in GFACF medium and Dettlaff's solution instead of water and other physiological saline solutions prolonged their viability (p < 0.01). Nevertheless, viability of chilled embryos in GFACF medium was slightly, but non-significantly, higher than in Dettlaff's solution. Supplementation of the GFACF medium with antibiotics, Hepes or BSA increased the viability of chilled embryos, but the tested vitamin E analogue Trolox, vitamin C or Tris concentration had no effect on embryo viability. The outcome of this series of experiments shows that heartbeat-stage goldfish embryos could be chilled for 60 h in GFACF supplemented with 25 mm Hepes, 100 U/ml penicillin, 10 μg/l streptomycin and 1 g/l BSA in such a way that embryonic development does not proceed, and viability is not lost.

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