History of Christianity (Early)
Intellectual Traditions at the Medieval University: The Use of Philosophical Psychology in Trinitarian Theology among the Franciscans and Dominicans, 1250-1350. By Russell L. Friedman. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2012. Pp. xii + 1006. Cloth, $341.00.
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2013
© 2013 Rice University
Religious Studies Review
Volume 39, Issue 1, page 43, March 2013
How to Cite
Slotemaker, J. T. (2013), Intellectual Traditions at the Medieval University: The Use of Philosophical Psychology in Trinitarian Theology among the Franciscans and Dominicans, 1250-1350. By Russell L. Friedman. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2012. Pp. xii + 1006. Cloth, $341.00. Religious Studies Review, 39: 43. doi: 10.1111/rsr.12013_6
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2013
Russell Friedman's work is an outstanding presentation of the development of medieval Trinitarian theology between 1250 and 1350. At over a thousand pages in length, it is perhaps the most significant study of any topic of medieval philosophy or theology to have been written in the past fifty years. The fact that much of the research is grounded in Friedman's own critical or semi-critical/working editions of medieval manuscripts makes the contribution that much more significant. In short, one can finally state that Friedman's magisterial work has replaced Michael Schmaus's as the authoritative study of late thirteenth- and early-fourteenth-century Trinitarian theology (See M. Schmaus, Der Liber propugnatorius des Thomas Anglicus und die Lehrunterschiede zwischen Thomas von Aquin und Duns Scotus, II. Teil: Die trinitarischen Lehrdifferenzen, Münster 1930). Friedman's work is divided into a short introduction and three parts. The introduction sets the stage for the following three parts, structuring the work around two “Trinitarian theories” and one “contested model.” The two Trinitarian theories are the relation account and the emanation account, which are the subject of the first three chapters (part 1). The one “contested model”—or the psychological analogy—is the subject of Chapters 4-9 (part 2). Part 2, therefore, considers the use of the psychological model within late medieval Trinitarian theology, treating Henry of Ghent, John Duns Scotus, and Peter Auriol, among others. Finally, part 3 turns to the “search for simplicity;” this discussion takes up the final three chapters and analyzes various authors between William of Ockham and Gregory of Rimini. This truly is a magisterial work and will certainly establish itself as the authoritative account of medieval Trinitarian theology.