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Keywords:

  • nurse–patient interaction;
  • multidimensional well-being;
  • nursing home;
  • self-transcendence

Aims and objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between age, gender, self-transcendence, nurse–patient interaction and multidimensional well-being as the outcome among cognitively intact nursing home patients.

Background

Self-transcendence is considered to be a vital resource of well-being in vulnerable populations and at the end of life. Moreover, the quality of care and the nurse–patient interaction is found to influence self-transcendence and well-being in nursing home patients.

Design and method

A cross-sectional design employing the Self-Transcendence Scale, the Nurse–Patient Interaction Scale, the FACT-G Quality of Life and the FACIT-Sp Spiritual Well-Being questionnaires was adopted. A sample of 202 cognitively intact nursing home patients from 44 nursing homes in central Norway was selected. A previous documented two-factor construct of self-transcendence was applied. The statistical analyses were carried out by means of independent sample t-test, correlation and regression analyses.

Results

Multiple linear regression analyses revealed significant relationships between interpersonal self-transcendence and social, functional and spiritual well-being, whereas intrapersonal self-transcendence significantly related to emotional, social, functional and spiritual well-being. Nurse–patient interaction related to physical, emotional and functional well-being. Age and gender were not significant predictors for well-being, except for functional and spiritual well-being where women scored higher than men.

Conclusion

Nurse–patient interaction and self-transcendence are vital resources for promoting well-being physically, emotionally, functionally, socially and spiritually among cognitively intact nursing home patients.

Relevance to clinical practice

Nurse–patient interaction signifies vital and ultimate nursing qualities promoting self-transcendence and multidimensional well-being. These findings are important for clinical nursing intending to increase patients’ well-being.