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Motivational Interviewing for Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Authors


Address correspondence to: Kathryn A. Sanders, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Ave, West Haven, CT 06516, or e-mail: kathryn.sanders@va.gov.

Abstract

Successful management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) typically involves consideration of several lifestyle changes and treatments that could improve patients’ health outcomes. The complexity of behavioral changes and treatment decisions that must be made by patients, with the support of their treatment team, could diminish their motivation to address CKD and lead to poorer treatment outcomes. Hence, motivational enhancement, in the context of patient education and shared decision-making with the treatment team, is a critical issue in CKD patient care. This article describes how motivational interviewing can be used with patients to enhance their motivation to address CKD and participate in treatment.

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