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Ischemia from Extrinsic Compression of the Brachial Artery by a Stent in the Venous Outflow of a Brachio-Basilic Arterio-Venous Graft


Adrian Sequeira, M.D., Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130. Tel: 318-675-7402, Fax: 318-675-5913, or e-mail:


Distal artery embolization is a well-known complication after mechanical thrombectomy, manifesting as limb ischemia. We describe a case of ischemia that developed after mechanical thrombectomy and stent placement in the venous anastomosis of a brachio- basilic arterio-venous graft. Subsequent investigations revealed that the stent had extrinsically compressed the adjacent brachial artery. Although balloon angioplasty of the artery initially restored flow, the patient needed surgical removal of the graft and stent to prevent persistent ischemia.