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The Structure and Function of Endovascular Stents: A Primer for the Interventional Nephrologist

Authors

  • Adrian Sequeira,

    1. Interventional Nephrology Section, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, Louisiana
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  • Kenneth Abreo

    1. Interventional Nephrology Section, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, Louisiana
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Address correspondence to: Adrian Sequeira, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130, Tel.: 318-675-7402, Fax: 318-675-5913, or e-mail: aseque@lsuhsc.edu.

Abstract

The use of stents has become common practice in various interventional fields. The purpose of this article is to provide the interventionalist with an understanding of the basic structure stent. We describe the etymology, the classification and describe various terms used by engineers as they strive to develop that “ideal” stent. We also describe the fabrication process briefly and finally elaborate on the characteristic “build and cut” of some commonly used stents.

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