SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Rahman S, Gudetta B, Fink J et al. Compartmentalization of immune responses in human tuberculosis: few CD8+ effector T cells but elevated levels of FoxP3+ regulatory t cells in the granulomatous lesions. Am J Pathol 2009;174:221124.
  • 2
    World Health Organization. The World Health Report 2011—Hanging History. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2011.
  • 3
    World Health Organization. The World Health Report 2011/2012—Tuberculosis Global Facts. World Health Organization, 2011/2012.
  • 4
    Beyer N, Gie RP, Schaaf HS et al. A prospective evaluation of children under the age of 5 years living in the same household as adults with recently diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1997;1:3843.
  • 5
    Zellweger JP. Tuberculosis in households of index patients: is there another way to control tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2002;6:1812.
  • 6
    Lutong L, Bei Z. Association of prevalence of tuberculin reactions with closeness of contact among household contacts of new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2000;4:275.
  • 7
    Marks SM, Taylor Z, Qualls NL, Shrestha-Kuwahara RJ, Wilcema MA, Nguyen CH. Outcomes of contact investigations of infectious tuberculosis patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;162:20338.
  • 8
    Ansari A, Talat N, Jamil B et al. Cytokine gene polymorphisms across tuberculosis clinical spectrum in Pakistan patients. PLoS One 2009;4:e4778.
  • 9
    Nava-Aguilera E, Andersson N, Harris E et al. Risk factors associated with recent transmission of tuberculosis: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2009;13:1726.
  • 10
    Lewis SJ, Baker I, Davey Smith G. Meta-analysis of vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and pulmonary tuberculosis risk. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2005;9:11747.
  • 11
    Yang BF, Han CL. [Meta-analysis of relationship of vitamin D receptor polymorphism and tuberculosis]. China Trop Med 2006;6:13479. [Chinese].
  • 12
    Haussler MR, Whitfield GK, Hausler CA et al. The nuclear vitamin D receptor: biological and molecular regulatory properties revealed. J Bone Miner Res 1998;13:32449.
  • 13
    Valdivielso JM, Fernandez E. Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and diseases. Clin Chim Acta 2006;371:112.
  • 14
    Grange JM, Davies PD, Brown RC, Woodhead JS, Kardjito T. A study of vitamin D levels in Indonesian patients with untreated pulmonary tuberculosis. Tubercle 1985;66:18791.
  • 15
    Sasidharan PK, Rajeev E, Vijayakumari V. Tuberculosis and vitamin D deficiency. J Assoc Physicians India 2002;50:5548.
  • 16
    Davies PD, Church HA, Brown RC, Woodhead JS. Raised serum calcium in tuberculosis patients in Africa. Eur J Respir Dis 1987;71:3414.
  • 17
    Wilkinson RJ, Llewelyn M, Toossi Z et al. Influence of vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D receptor polymorphisms on tuberculosis among Gujarati Asians in west London: a case–control study. Lancet 2000;355:618.
  • 18
    Varahram M, Farnia P, Anoosheh S et al. The VDR and TNF-α gene polymorphisms in Iranian tuberculosis patients: the study on host susceptibility. Iran J Clin Infect Dis 2009;4:20713.
  • 19
    Gombart AF. The vitamin D–antimicrobial peptide pathway and its role in protection against infection. Future Microbiol 2009;4:1151.
  • 20
    Martineau AR, Wilkinson KA, Newton SM et al. IFN-γ- and TNF-independent vitamin D-inducible human suppression of mycobacteria: the role of cathelicidin LL-37. J Immunol 2007;178:71908.
  • 21
    Fabri M, Stenger S, Shin D-M et al. Vitamin D is required for IFN-γ–mediated antimicrobial activity of human macrophages. Sci Transl Med 2011;3:104ra102.
  • 22
    Ustianowski A, Shaffer R, Collin S, Wilkinson RJ, Davidson RN. Prevalence and associations of vitamin D deficiency in foreign-born persons with tuberculosis in London. J Infect 2005;50:4327.
  • 23
    Gibney KB, MacGregor L, Leder K et al. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection in immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa. Clin Infect Dis 2008;46:4436.
  • 24
    Mata-Granados JM, Luque de Castro MD, Quesada-Gomez JM. Inappropriate serum levels of retinol, alpha-tocopherol, 25 hydroxyvitamin D3 and 24,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 levels in healthy Spanish adults: simultaneous assessment by HPLC. Clin Biochem 2008;41:67680.
  • 25
    Talat N, Perry S, Parsonnet J, Dawood G, Hussddain R. Vitamin D deficiency and tuberculosis progression. Emerg Infect Dis 2010;15:8535.
  • 26
    Chan TY. Differences in vitamin D status and calcium intake: possible explanations for the regional variations in the prevalence of hypercalcemia in tuberculosis. Calcif Tissue Int 1997;60:913.
  • 27
    Selvaraj P, Narayanan PR, Reetha AM. Association of vitamin D receptor genotypes with the susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis in female patients and resistance in female contacts. Indian J Med Res 2000;111:1729.
  • 28
    Bornman L, Campbell SJ, Fielding K et al. Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and susceptibility to tuberculosis in west Africa: a case-control and family study. J Infect Dis 2004;190:163141.
  • 29
    Fitness J, Floyd S, Warndorff DK et al. Large-scale candidate gene study of tuberculosis susceptibility in the Karonga district of northern Malawi. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2004;71:3419.
  • 30
    Selvaraj P, Chandra G, Kurian SM, Reetha AM, Narayanan PR. Association of vitamin D receptor gene variants of BsmI, ApaI and FokI polymorphisms with susceptibility or resistance to pulmonary tuberculosis. Curr Sci 2003;84:15648.
  • 31
    Ates O, Dolek B, Dalyan L, Musellim B, Ongen G, Topal-Sarikaya A. The association between BsmI variant of vitamin D receptor gene and susceptibility to tuberculosis. Mol Biol Rep 2011;38:26336.
  • 32
    Roth DE, Soto G, Arenas F et al. Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and response to treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. J Infect Dis 2004;190:9207.
  • 33
    Wilbura AK, Kubatkob LS, Hurtado AM, Hill KR, Stone AC. Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and susceptibility M. tuberculosis in Native Paraguayans. Tuberculosis (Edinb) 2007;87:32937.
  • 34
    Bellamy R, Ruwende C, Corrah T. Tuberculosis and chronic hepatitis B virus infection in Africans and variation in the vitamin D receptor. J Infect Dis 1999;179:7214.