Personality and Social Psychology
Self-esteem and emotional health in adolescents – gender and age as potential moderators
Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology © 2012 The Scandinavian Psychological Associations
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume 53, Issue 6, pages 483–489, December 2012
How to Cite
MOKSNES, U. K. and ESPNES, G. A. (2012), Self-esteem and emotional health in adolescents – gender and age as potential moderators. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 53: 483–489. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12021
- Issue published online: 21 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012
- Received 6 December 2011, accepted 18 September 2012
- mental health;
Moksnes, U. K. & Espnes, G. A. (2012). Self-esteem and emotional health in adolescents – gender and age as a potential moderators. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 53, 483–489.
The present paper investigates possible gender and age differences on emotional states (depression and anxiety) and self-esteem as well as the association between self-esteem and emotional states. The cross-sectional sectional sample consists of 1,209 adolescents 13–18 years from public elementary and secondary schools in mid-Norway. The results showed that girls reported higher scores on state anxiety and state depression, whereas boys consistently scored higher on self-esteem in all age groups. Self-esteem was strongly and inversely associated with both state depression and state anxiety. An interaction effect of gender by self-esteem was found on state depression, where the association was stronger for girls than for boys. The associations found give support for the positive role of self-esteem in relation to adolescents’ emotional health and well-being.