We are grateful to Andreas Stuck, Katharina Huber, and Thomas Abel for helpful comments on a previous draft of this study. We also would like to thank the Federal Statistical Office whose support made the Swiss National Cohort and this study possible. This study was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grants 3347C0-108806 and 33CS30-134273).
Religion and Suicide in Patients with Mental Illness or Cancer
Article first published online: 18 JAN 2013
© 2013 The American Association of Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 43, Issue 2, pages 213–222, April 2013
How to Cite
Panczak, R., Spoerri, A., Zwahlen, M., Bopp, M., Gutzwiller, F. and Egger, M. (2013), Religion and Suicide in Patients with Mental Illness or Cancer. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 43: 213–222. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12009
- Issue published online: 26 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 18 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Received: 17 FEB 2012
In Switzerland, the highest rates of suicide are observed in persons without religious affiliation and the lowest in Catholics, with Protestants in an intermediate position. We examined whether this association was modified by concomitant psychiatric diagnoses or malignancies, based on 6,909 suicides (ICD-10 codes X60-X84) recorded in 3.69 million adult residents 2001–2008. Suicides were related to mental illness or cancer if codes F or C, respectively, were mentioned on the death certificate. The protective effect of religion was substantially stronger if a diagnosis of cancer was mentioned on the death certificate and weaker if a mental illness was mentioned.