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Early knee changes in dancers identified by ultra-high-field 7 T MRI

Authors

  • G. Chang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Radiology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    • Corresponding author: Gregory Chang, MD, Center for Biomedical Imaging, NYU Langone Medical Center, 660 First Avenue, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA. Tel: +1 646 501 7290, Fax: +1 212 263 3838, E-mail: gregory.chang@nyumc.org

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  • M. Diamond,

    1. Harkness Center for Dance Injuries, Hospital for Joint Diseases, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    2. Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
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  • G. Nevsky,

    1. Department of Radiology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
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  • R. R. Regatte,

    1. Department of Radiology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
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  • D. S. Weiss

    1. Harkness Center for Dance Injuries, Hospital for Joint Diseases, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    2. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
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Abstract

We aimed to determine whether a unique, ultra-high-field 7 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner could detect occult cartilage and meniscal injuries in asymptomatic female dancers. This study had Institutional Review Board approval. We recruited eight pre-professional female dancers and nine non-athletic, female controls. We scanned the dominant knee on a 7 T MRI scanner using a three-dimensional fast low-angle shot sequence and a proton density, fast spin-echo sequence to evaluate cartilage and menisci, respectively. Two radiologists scored cartilage (International Cartilage Repair Society classification) and meniscal (Stoller classification) lesions. We applied two-tailed z- and t-tests to determine statistical significance. There were no cartilage lesions in dancers or controls. For the medial meniscus, the dancers demonstrated higher mean MRI score (2.38 ± 0.61 vs 1.0 ± 0.97, P < 0.0001) and higher frequency of mean grade 2 lesions (88% vs 11%, P < 0.01) compared with the controls. For the lateral meniscus, there was no difference in score (0.5 ± 0.81 vs 0.5 ± 0.78, P = 0.78) in dancers compared with the control groups. Asymptomatic dancers demonstrate occult medial meniscal lesions. Because this has been described in early osteoarthritis, close surveillance of dancers' knee symptoms and function with appropriate activity modification may help maintain their long-term knee health.

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