Organizations & Work
The Persistence of Workplace Gender Segregation in the US
Article first published online: 20 NOV 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Volume 7, Issue 11, pages 889–899, November 2013
How to Cite
Cohen, P. N. (2013), The Persistence of Workplace Gender Segregation in the US. Sociology Compass, 7: 889–899. doi: 10.1111/soc4.12083
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 20 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 2 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 28 OCT 2011
Occupational gender segregation remains one of the defining elements of gender inequality in modern societies. Recent trends for the United States show that occupational segregation remains high and did not substantially decline in the decade of the 2000s for the first time since 1960. Men and women work in different occupations because of a combination of forces, including culturally defined choices by workers themselves, discrimination by employers, and differences in skill levels and qualities. Research has shown that occupational segregation is an important aspect of gender inequality in earnings and contributes to other forms of inequality as well. The prospects for reducing gender segregation in the short term appear slim, based on the weak effects of educational attainment, cultural attitudes, and state intervention in the current period.