All data are available for replication upon request. The authors would like to thank José Villalobos, Jen Mercieca, Jeffrey Yates, the anonymous reviewers, and the journal's editors for helpful advice and commentary when previous versions of this article were presented, and Ben Stewart, Bree Roozen, and Aleksandra Misovic for their capable research assistance.
Barack Obama and the Rhetoric of Electoral Logic†
Version of Record online: 19 SEP 2013
© 2013 by the Southwestern Social Science Association
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 95, Issue 2, pages 523–540, June 2014
How to Cite
Azari, J. R. and Vaughn, J. S. (2014), Barack Obama and the Rhetoric of Electoral Logic. Social Science Quarterly, 95: 523–540. doi: 10.1111/ssqu.12056
- Issue online: 2 MAY 2014
- Version of Record online: 19 SEP 2013
This article examines Barack Obama's efforts to interpret and characterize the contrasting outcomes of the 2008 and 2010 elections, using an original data set of presidential communications.
We performed a content analysis of 241 presidential communications.
Obama's post-2008 mandate claims alternated between claiming a mandate on a variety of policy issues and framing the election as a repudiation of Republican theories of governing. Post-2010, however, Obama framed the midterm results as evidence for electoral demand for bipartisan cooperation, rather than a repudiation of Democratic policies and ideas.
Obama's choices in framing the 2008 election contributed to the administration's failure to communicate effectively. Specifically, Obama neglected to create a strong narrative linking the election's results to support for his policy agenda, focusing instead on the election as a repudiation of Republican policies. In contrast, his interpretations of the 2010 midterms appear to be more effective. By identifying the Republicans' behavior as “dysfunctional” and conceding that the election had indicated a demand for the ideas of both parties, Obama offered a more successful alternative to the Republican narrative.