• human leukocyte antigen;
  • next generation sequencing;
  • population genetics;
  • Saudi


Next generation sequencing (NGS) is a promising technique that can reveal the entire gene sequences and to the highest possible resolution without any phase ambiguities. We have used this technique to investigate the frequencies of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 in a Saudi cohort of healthy individuals. We used NGS using the 454 genome sequence (GS) FLX System and Conexio assign atf 454 software to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotype eight class I and class II loci. A total of 158 healthy Saudi adults were analyzed. The most frequently observed allele for HLA-A was HLA-A*02:01:01:01 (13.6%); for HLA-B, HLA-B*50:01:01 (15.8%); for HLA-C, HLA-C*06:02:01:01 (18.7%); for HLA-DRB1, HLA-DRB1*07:01:01:01 (26.6%); and for HLA-DQB1, HLA-DQB1*02:01:01 (20.3%). The most common four loci haplotypes in the Saudi population were HLA-A*24:02:01:01-B*08:01:01-C*07:02:01:01-DRB1*03:01:01:01 and HLA-A*23:01:01-B*50:01:01-C*06:02:01:01-DRB1*07:01:01:01.. We have used a highly informative technique for HLA typing of a Saudi healthy cohort to establish allele and haplotype frequencies. These results should prove useful for population studies, disease associations and future planning of the unrelated bone marrow donor registry.