Economic Evaluation of Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus) Rabies Prevention in Mexico
Article first published online: 18 SEP 2012
© Published 2012. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume 61, Issue 2, pages 140–146, April 2014
How to Cite
Anderson, A., Shwiff, S., Gebhardt, K., Ramírez, A. J., Shwiff, S., Kohler, D. and Lecuona, L. (2014), Economic Evaluation of Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus) Rabies Prevention in Mexico. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 61: 140–146. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12007
- Issue published online: 4 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 18 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 22 JUN 2012
- benefit-cost analysis;
- vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus)
Vampire bat rabies causes significant impacts within its endemic range in Mexico. These impacts include livestock mortality, animal testing costs, post-exposure prophylaxis costs, and human mortality risk. Mitigation of the impacts can be achieved by vaccinating livestock and controlling vampire bat populations. A benefit-cost analysis was performed to examine the economic efficiency of these methods of mitigation, and Monte Carlo simulations were used to examine the impact that uncertainty has on the analysis. We found that livestock vaccination is efficient, with benefits being over six times higher than costs. However, bat control is inefficient because benefits are very unlikely to exceed costs. It is concluded that when these mitigation methods are judged by the metric of economic efficiency, livestock vaccination is desirable but bat control is not.