The implication of transfer faults in foreland basin evolution: application on Pindos foreland basin, West Peloponnesus, Greece

Authors


Correspondence: Professor A. Zelilidis, Department of Geology, University of Patras, Patras 26500, Greece. Tel.: +0030 2610 996273; fax: +0030 2610 996272; e-mail: a.zelilidis@upatras.gr

Abstract

Pindos foreland basin in west Peloponnesus (Tritea, Hrisovitsi and Finikounda sub-basins) during Late Eocene to Early Oligocene was an underfilled foreland basin. The basin's geometry was affected by the presence of internal thrusting and transfer faults, causing changes in depth and width. Due to internal thrusting, the foreland basin changed through time from a uniform to non-uniform configuration, whereas transfer faults have an intensive impact on depositional environments within the basin. Internal thrusting (Gavrovo, internal and middle Ionian thrusts) activated synchronously with the major Pindos Thrust, creating intrabasinal highs that influenced palaeocurrent directions. The transfer faults cross-cut the intrabasinal highs and produced low relief areas that act as pathways for sediment distribution. The sediments are thicker and sandstone-rich on the downthrown sides of the transfer faults. In these areas, sandstone reservoirs could be produced. Such tectonically active areas constitute promise for oil and gas reservoirs and traps.

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