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Human platelet-specific antigen frequencies in Indonesian population


Correspondence: Dr Asmarinah, Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Salemba Raya No. 6, Jakarta 10340, Indonesia.

Tel.: +62 2131930379; fax: +62 2131907281; e-mail:



Alloantibodies against human platelet antigens (HPAs) are responsible for the development of alloimmune thrombocytopenia including platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR) and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT). Therefore, transfusion of HPA-compatible platelets is of importance for the management of these diseases.


Determination of the allele frequency of the major HPA systems for Indonesian blood donors and the development of the first HPA-typed donor registry in Indonesia.


DNA derived from 500 Indonesian healthy blood donors was genotyped for HPA-1 to HPA-6 and HPA-15 alleles by the use of polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primer method.


The gene frequencies of the rare allelic variants HPA-1b, -2b, -3b, -4b, -5b, -6b and -15b were 0·023, 0·060, 0·493, 0·052, 0·032, 0·044 and 0·049, respectively. However, donors homozygous for the HPA-1b, -2b and -6b were not found in this cohort, indicating that the risks of alloimmunisation caused by incompatibility of these three HPA systems are extremely low. In contrast, alloimmunisation against HPA-3, -4, -5 and -15 systems is anticipated.


The development of an HPA-genotyped registry for donors homozygous for HPA-1b, -2b and -6b is desired for the optimum management of PTR patients and children with NAIT.