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Malaria

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

251 A ‘universal’ HPLC method for insecticide quantification simplifies the analysis of long lasting insecticidal mosquito nets for malaria. It is applicable to various insecticides and fibers. 2–11

334 Plasmodiummalariae may have been existing in forest villages of central India but escaped notice due to its close resemblance to P. vivax. 12–17

Maternal health

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

156 A simple approach for geographic monitoring and evaluation which uses existing health service and GIS data facilitates evidence-based decision making. 18–26

221 In Bandafassi, Senegal, a comparison of two sources of data on pregnancy-related deaths reveals high levels of uncertainty in estimates of progress towards MDG-5. 27–34

387 In Madagascar 3% of 1232 pregnant women tested seropositive for Treponema pallidum, but none for HIV, stressing the need for generally available syphilis screenings in pregnancy follow-up. 35–39

HIV/AIDS

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

194 Antiretroviral dose reduction should be explored to sustain HIV treatment roll-out in developing countries. It reduces costs and adverse events while improving tolerability and adherence to treatment without compromising efficacy. 40–44

343 The nutritional status of HIV-infected children greatly affects their health. Costs of supplementation, based on standardised guidelines such as those by WHO, should be budgeted for in HIV programmes. 45–52

Vaccination

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

234 Existing meningitis surveillance activities in the African meningitis belt do not meet the objectives of conjugate vaccine impact assessment, outbreak detection and research; sustainable and coordinated efforts should be developed. 58–64

Drinking water

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

264 In Vietnam, on-plot water yields benefits over other sources that are considered “improved” by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme. 65–74

Chagas disease

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

271 Even if parasites are not completely eliminated, effective antiparasitic treatment of Chagas disease can significantlyreduce fibrosis followed by smaller ECG alterations. 75–84

280 The strains of Trypanosoma cruzi I and IV of the western Brazilian Amazon exhibit great variability in susceptibility to benznidazole and an overall cure rate of 61.8% in mice. 85–95

Kala azar

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

382 Miltefosine, at a target dose of 2.5 mg/kg/day for 12 weeks, was highly effective and well tolerated for Indian Post Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis, and is the first oral drug for this disease. 96–100

Tuberculosis

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  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

384 A systematic review and meta-analysis provides new insight, which supports an association between tuberculosis and indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in low income countries. 101–108

404 The inpatient cost per patient treated for MDR-TB in South Africa is more than 40 times the cost of treating drug-susceptible TB. Substantial costs could be saved through better management of drug-susceptible TB and shifting to a model of decentralized, outpatient MDR-treatment. 109–116

Child health

  1. Top of page
  2. Malaria
  3. Maternal health
  4. HIV/AIDS
  5. Vaccination
  6. Drinking water
  7. Chagas disease
  8. Kala azar
  9. Tuberculosis
  10. Child health

417 Many medical devices designed for newborns in the developing world are under development or in the early stages of production, but the vast majority of them are not available when and where they are needed. 117–128