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Health politics

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

By partnering with and accepting funds from the tobacco industry, international development agencies jeopardise their public health priorities while conferring an undeserved legitimacy upon the tobacco industry. This proliferates disease. 136–139

Leishmaniasis

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

Cutaneous leishmaniasis has been increasing since 2008 in Polonnaruwa, with clear spatial and temporal clustering. Sri Lanka needs more vigilant leishmaniasis surveillance. 140–145

Liposomal amphotericin B appears to be effective and safe for initial cure of VL in Sudan, but it costs 400 USD/treatment. Sustained mechanisms to allow improved access of this expensive drug particularly in East Africa are urgently needed. Relapses and losses to follow-up require specific investigation. 146–152

Dengue

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

After adjustment for individual risk factors, a semi-ecological analysis conducted in French Guiana showed that an epidemic level of dengue transmission during the first trimester was associated with an increased risk of post-partum haemorrhage and pre-term birth. The associated risks seemed to depend on the epidemic level. 153–158

Large and warm cities sustain and spread dengue viruses, for which specific dengue control measures must be developed. The concentration of outbreaks along climate transition fringes indicates a boundary between two transmission regimes and raises awareness to the effects of ongoing climatic and socio-economic changes. 159–168

MRSA

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

HA-MRSA is emerging in Mozambique. CA-MRSA prevalence remains low. Rates of PVL toxin gene and inducible MLSresistance are high. Microbiological laboratories need to be strengthened. 169–176

Rotavirus

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

Implementing rotavirus vaccine is expensive. Low-income countries could face problems once GAVI support expires. Thus, new financing mechanisms to facilitate implementation and ensure sustainability are needed. 177–185

Water

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

‘Improved’ water sources meeting current MDG targets may still present health risks to consumers. A study from Cambodia explores the complexity underlying current definitions of water access. 186–194

Trypanosomiasis

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

Two heat-shock protein 70 PCR-based assays show high potential for differential diagnosis of T. cruzi and T. rangeli. One uses specific amplification, and the other uses restriction endonuclease digested fragments. 195–206

Trachoma

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

A cluster randomised trial suggests an effect of azithromycin mass drug administration on spleen rates at the individual level that is most plausibly due to the antimalarial effects of azithromycin. 207–211

Chagas disease

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

Chagas disease has become an emerging health issue in Australia, New Zealand and the Western Pacific region due to an increasing population at risk, lack of recognition and awareness of the disease and the presence of potential vectors. 212–218

NCD

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

An e-health and cohort analysis in Jordan to monitor Palestine refugees with diabetes for treatment outcomes and complications over three years endorses this approach for managing NCDs. 219–223

Filariasis

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

A study presents intervention score maps for lymphatic filariasis (LF), aggregating all disease control interventions known to influence LF transmission, for Malawi. 224–235

HIV/AIDS

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

In a study assessing the HIV resuppression through adherence interventions, 45% of patients remained suppressed for a median of 2.4 years, demonstrating that resuppression can be durable after viremia without a switch in antiretroviral therapy regimen. 236–239

Diarrhoea

  1. Top of page
  2. Health politics
  3. Leishmaniasis
  4. Dengue
  5. MRSA
  6. Rotavirus
  7. Water
  8. Trypanosomiasis
  9. Trachoma
  10. Chagas disease
  11. NCD
  12. Filariasis
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Diarrhoea

Between 2000 and 2012, the number of elderly patients with diarrhoea increased in Dhaka. Shigella and Vibrio cholerae were the most common pathogens. 240–243