Surrogate pregnancy: ethical and medico-legal issues in modern obstetrics
Correspondence: Celia Burrell. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- This comprehensive literature review of the medico-legal challenges of surrogacy in modern obstetrics, highlights recent changes in UK law, the limited guidelines and legislation available, and the legal requirements for parenthood and parental rights.
- UK legislation involving surrogacy and the medico-legal definition of parenthood is reviewed.
- There is new UK surrogacy legislation affecting the parental order qualification, indicating that obstetricians will see more surrogate cases in the immediate future.
- Conflicts can arise when surrogacy agreements are broken, since they are lawful but legally unenforceable in the UK.
- There are ethical and legal dilemmas for healthcare professionals in managing surrogate pregnancies in the absence of professional guidance, and as a result the authors of this review introduced a practical guide and pro forma.
- To explain current legislation surrounding surrogacy in the UK.
- To discuss ethical and moral concerns regarding the practice of surrogacy.
- To apply medico-legal principles in the management of surrogate pregnancy.
- The exploitation versus empowerment and autonomy of women participating in surrogacy.
- The commodification of reproduction through surrogacy.
- The validity of consent with the possible presence of emotional or financial coercion, and the unpredictability of outcomes in surrogacy arrangements.