Evaluation of the quality of blood components obtained after automated separation of whole blood by a new multiunit processor
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The Reveos system (Terumo BCT) is a fully automated device able to process four whole blood (WB) units simultaneously into a plasma unit, a red blood cell (RBC) unit, and an interim platelet (PLT) unit (IPU). Multiple IPUs can be pooled to form a transfusable PLT product. The aim of our study was to evaluate the quality of components made with the Reveos system from either fresh (2-8 hr) or overnight-held WB.
Study Design and Methods
A prototype of the Reveos system was used to process WB. RBCs were resuspended in SAGM, leukoreduced, and assayed for in vitro quality variables during a 42-day storage period at 2 to 6°C. Twenty-four-hour in vivo recovery was determined on Day 42. Plasma was assayed for cellular contamination and activation variables. IPUs were pooled with SSP+ additive solution for in vitro quality assessments during a 7-day storage period at room temperature.
Reveos-produced RBCs and plasma units met the predefined requirements. RBC recovery was superior to control units. On Day 42, hemolysis was below 0.8% and in vivo recovery was above 75% for all RBCs. Cellular contamination was lower for Reveos-produced plasma. PLT yield was higher with overnight-stored WB. PLT quality was well maintained during storage with no significant differences between the two groups.
Blood components prepared with the Reveos from fresh or overnight-held WB meet quality criteria without any relevant difference between the two groups. The Reveos system has the potential to increase efficacy and standardization of blood component preparation.