Serologic and molecular investigations of DAR1 (weak D Type 4.2), DAR1.2, DAR1.3, DAR2 (DARE), and DARA
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2013
© 2013 American Association of Blood Banks
Special Issue: Twenty Years since the Cloning of the Blood Group Genes
Volume 53, Issue 11pt2, pages 3000–3008, November 2013
How to Cite
Lejon Crottet, S., Haer-Wigman, L., Gowland, P., Fontana, S., Niederhauser, C. and Hustinx, H. (2013), Serologic and molecular investigations of DAR1 (weak D Type 4.2), DAR1.2, DAR1.3, DAR2 (DARE), and DARA. Transfusion, 53: 3000–3008. doi: 10.1111/trf.12363
- Issue online: 12 NOV 2013
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 17 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 21 AUG 2012
The partial D variant DAR1 (weak D Type 4.2) is caused by three single-point mutations, 602C>G, 667T>G, and 1025T>C. Here we report a molecular study on different D variants belonging to the DAR category (DAR1, DAR1.2, DAR1.3, and DAR2) and their serologic data.
Study Design and Methods
A total of 42 samples belonging to the DAR category were screened for the presence of the silent mutations 744C>T and 957G>A. The samples were phenotyped for RhD and RhCE, characterized for RhD epitope expression, and sequenced for RHD exons. Flow cytometry was performed to determine RhD antigen density.
The silent mutation 744C>T was found in all six samples previously typed as RHD*DAR2 (602C>G, 667T>G, 957G>A, 1025T>C). In addition to the three nucleotide changes originally reported for the RHD*DAR1 allele, the silent mutations 744C>T and 957G>A were found in 14 of 16 samples previously typed as RHD*DAR1. In the remaining two samples one additional silent mutation, 744C>T, was found. Serologically the DAR1.2 and DAR1.3 samples analyzed in this study showed no distinct difference in their anti-D reaction pattern compared to each other. The anti-D reaction pattern of DARA/DAR2 showed some distinct differences compared to those of DAR1.2 and DAR1.3.
RHD*DARA and RHD*DAR2 are the same allele. Furthermore, the alleles RHD*DAR1.2 and RHD*DAR1.3 both exist; however, the silent mutation 957G>A (V319) showed no influence on the RhD phenotype.