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Background

Patients with congenital Factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency have impaired fibrin stabilization and are at high risk for surgical bleeding. Data regarding the use of FXIII concentrates before and during surgery are lacking. The objective of this study was to report the use of plasma-derived FXIII concentrate (Corifact in the United States; Fibrogammin P in other countries) in patients with congenital FXIII deficiency undergoing surgical procedures.

Study Design and Methods

FXIII concentrate at preoperative doses ranging from 25 to 40 U/kg was administered to six patients with congenital FXIII deficiency undergoing major or minor surgeries.

Results

FXIII concentrate was administered immediately before surgery for five surgical cases; three of these patients achieved excellent hemostasis during and after surgery, while two had intraoperative bleeding. In one surgical case, a regular prophylactic dose of FXIII concentrate was administered to the patient 1 week before minor surgery. FXIII concentrate provided rapid replacement of FXIII activity. In all but one of the patients given a dose of FXIII designed to increase FXIII levels more than 50%, there was satisfactory intraoperative and postoperative hemostasis. One patient undergoing aortic valve replacement on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was the exception. Intraoperative bleeding in this patient was associated with lower-than-expected blood levels of FXIII.

Conclusion

Preoperative plasma-derived FXIII concentrate allowed for sufficient hemostasis in most patients with FXIII deficiencies. Additional doses were necessary to achieve hemostasis in one patient who underwent a CPB procedure.