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Comparison of Doppler, oscillometric, auricular and carotid arterial blood pressure measurements in isoflurane anesthetized New Zealand white rabbits

Authors

  • Linda S Barter,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    • Correspondence: Linda S Barter, Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, University of California, 2112 Tupper Hall, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA. E-mail: lsbarter@ucdavis.edu

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  • Steven E Epstein

    1. Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
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Abstract

Objective

To assess agreement between carotid arterial pressure and auricular arterial, thoracic limb Doppler or thoracic limb oscillometric blood pressure measurements.

Study design

Prospective experimental study.

Animals

Six adult New Zealand white rabbits.

Methods

Rabbits were anesthetized with isoflurane in oxygen at 1, 1.5 and 2 MAC on two separate occasions. Catheters in the auricular and the contralateral external carotid artery were connected to calibrated pressure transducers via non-compliant tubing. Inflatable cuffs of width equal to approximately 40% of the limb circumference were placed above the carpus on both thoracic limbs with a Doppler transducer placed distal to the cuff on one. Systolic (SAP) and mean (MAP) arterial blood pressure measurements were obtained at each dose, on each occasion. Agreement between measurement techniques was evaluated by repeated measures Bland Altman analysis with carotid pressure as the reference. Variation in bias over the measurement range was evaluated by regression analysis.

Results

Carotid MAP and SAP ranged from 20 to 65 mmHg and 37 to 103 mmHg respectively. Bias and 95% limits of agreement for auricular and oscillometric MAP were 7 (0–14) and −5 (−21–11) mmHg, respectively, and for auricular, oscillometric and Doppler SAP were 23 (8–37), −2 (−24–20) and 13 (−14–39) mmHg, respectively. Bias varied significantly over the measurement range (< 0.001) for all three SAP techniques but not for MAP measurements.

Conclusions and clinical relevance

Limits of agreement for all measurements were large but less so for MAP than SAP. Variation in bias with SAP should be considered when using these measurements clinically.

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