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Keywords:

  • Cat;
  • erythropoiesis;
  • granulopoiesis;
  • hematopoietic tissue;
  • histopathology

Background

Commonly used 11ga or 13ga biopsy needles are relatively large for cats and often preclude successful collection of bone marrow (BM) core biopsies.

Objectives

The objective was to compare 15ga to 13ga BM core biopsy ease of collection and specimen quality.

Methods

In 10 cats, humeral biopsies obtained with 15ga EZ-IO needles were compared with iliac biopsies obtained with 13ga Jamshidi needles. Body condition, ease of collection, section quality, postprocedure pain, and swelling at biopsy sites were scored. Specimen length on mounted slides was measured and specimens with quality scores of 3–5 out of a maximum value of 5 were considered to be of acceptable diagnostic quality. The distribution of all parameters was assessed by Shapiro–Wilk tests, and differences in parameters were assessed by ANCOVA.

Results

There were no significant differences between 15ga and 13ga biopsies, except that the 15ga humeral biopsy was judged to be easier to perform than 13ga iliac biopsy, and there was more severe postbiopsy swelling with 13ga biopsies. Facility score (mean ± SD), section quality score (median ± SD) and specimen length (mm, mean ± SD) were 12.7 ± 2.3, 2.0 ± 1.4, and 6.0 ± 2.1 for 15ga biopsies, respectively, and 8.9 ± 2.4, 1.0 ± 1.8, and 7.5 ± 2.5 for 13ga biopsies, respectively. Three specimens of acceptable quality were obtained with each 15ga and 13ga biopsies.

Conclusions

In cats, BM biopsy of the humerus with a 15ga needle is easier and causes less postbiopsy swelling than biopsy of the ilium with a 13ga needle. Sites and needles are equivalent with respect to yielding specimens of acceptable quality. Neither technique consistently captured high-quality specimens.