The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Clinical Practice Review
Current techniques in peritoneal dialysis
Article first published online: 8 APR 2013
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2013
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Special Issue: Advances in Renal Physiology and Therapy
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 230–240, March/April 2013
How to Cite
Ross, L. A. and Labato, M. A. (2013), Current techniques in peritoneal dialysis. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 23: 230–240. doi: 10.1111/vec.12035
- Issue published online: 8 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 8 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 18 MAR 2012
- acute kidney injury;
- renal replacement therapy
To provide a current overview of the technique of peritoneal dialysis in dogs and cats.
Peritoneal dialysis is the process by which water and solutes move between blood in the peritoneal capillaries and fluid (dialysate) instilled into the peritoneal cavity, across the semipermeable membrane of the peritoneum. The primary indication for peritoneal dialysis (PD) in animals is for treatment of renal failure to correct water, solute, and acid-base abnormalities and to remove uremic toxins.
Peritoneal dialysis is a modality of renal replacement therapy commonly used in human medicine for the treatment of chronic kidney disease and end-stage kidney failure. Peritoneal dialysis utilizes the peritoneum as a membrane across which fluids and uremic solutes are exchanged. Dialysate is instilled into the peritoneal cavity and, through the process of diffusion and osmosis, water, toxins, electrolytes, and other small molecules are allowed to equilibrate.