The authors declare no conflict of interests.
Retrospective analysis of clinical findings and outcome of cats with suspected rattlesnake envenomation in Southern California: 18 cases (2007–2010)
Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2013
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2013
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 23, Issue 3, pages 314–320, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Hoose, J. A. and Carr, A. (2013), Retrospective analysis of clinical findings and outcome of cats with suspected rattlesnake envenomation in Southern California: 18 cases (2007–2010). Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 23: 314–320. doi: 10.1111/vec.12051
- Issue online: 4 JUN 2013
- Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 26 OCT 2012
To evaluate treatment and survival rates of cats with suspected rattlesnake envenomation.
Veterinary emergency referral hospital in Southern California.
Measurements and main results
Eighteen cats were treated for suspected rattlesnake envenomation between January 2007 and August 2010. There were 3 fatalities and 15 cats survived (16% mortality rate). Two cases developed pelvic limb paresis 3–4 days post envenomation. There were no apparent adverse reactions to treatment with antivenom.
Cats are presented infrequently for treatment of envenomation compared to dogs. Envenomation in cats should be treated according to guidelines established for people and dogs and administration of antivenom does not appear to be associated with adverse events. The mortality rate in this study was found to be 16%, which is higher than the mortality rate reported for dogs suspected of rattlesnake envenomation in a similar region (4.1%). Pelvic limb paresis may develop 3–4 days post envenomation but can resolve within 24 hours.