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Evaluation of a point-of-care coagulation analyzer (Abaxis VSPro) for identification of coagulopathies in dogs

Authors

  • Amy C. Dixon-Jimenez DVM,

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA
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  • Benjamin M. Brainard VMD, DACVA, DACVECC,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA
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  • Curtis J. Cathcart DVM,

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA
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  • Amie Koenig DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA
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  • Financial support from Abaxis, Inc. Union City, CA. Dr. Brainard is the Associate Editor of the Journal but did not participate in the peer-review process other than as an author.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Benjamin M. Brainard, Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. Email: brainard@uga.edu

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the ability of the Abaxis VSPro, a point-of-care analyzer that measures prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), to identify dogs with coagulopathies caused by administration of anticoagulants.

Setting

Veterinary teaching hospital.

Animals

Six healthy adult dogs that are part of a preexisting research colony. One dog was not included in the warfarin portion of the study.

Measurements and Main Results

Unfractionated heparin (UFH, 50 U/kg IV once then 300 U/kg SQ q 8 h) was administered to prolong aPTT. Citrated whole blood was used for PT and aPTT analyses with the VSPro and were run in duplicate. The VSPro results were compared to PT and aPTT measured in plasma with a standard benchtop coagulometer (AMAX Destiny). A washout period of at least 24 hours followed. Once dogs had normal PT and aPTT values, warfarin was administered (0.25–0.30 mg/kg PO) once then (0.15 mg/kg PO) as needed up to every 12 hours to prolong PT values. Seventy separate samples were evaluated for PT and 73 samples for aPTT. Pearson correlation coefficients (PCC) for replicate VSPro measures of PT and aPTT were 0.941 and 0.891, respectively (P < 0.001). The PCC between VSPro and AMAX was 0.578 for PT and of 0.865 for PTT (P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated a maximum sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of coagulopathy (by AMAX) at VSPro PT value of 21.6 seconds (sensitivity 72%, specificity 86%) and a maximum sensitivity and specificity at VSPro aPTT of 105.3 seconds (sensitivity 93%, specificity 89%). The positive predictive value for PT and aPTT were 84% and 89%, respectively.

Conclusions

The Abaxis VSPro showed acceptable correlation with clinical laboratory tests, and is a useful POC device for identification of animals with abnormalities in PT or aPTT.

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