The authors declare no conflicts of interests.
Cerebral babesiosis and acute respiratory distress syndrome in a dog
Article first published online: 14 NOV 2013
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2013
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 23, Issue 6, pages 615–623, November/December 2013
How to Cite
Daste, T., Lucas, M.-N. and Aumann, M. (2013), Cerebral babesiosis and acute respiratory distress syndrome in a dog. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 23: 615–623. doi: 10.1111/vec.12114
- Issue published online: 4 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 14 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUN 2012
- CNS infection;
- microvascular dysfunction;
- respiratory failure
To describe a case of cerebral babesiosis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in a dog.
A 5-year-old male neutered Scottish Terrier was referred to the emergency department of the Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse for evaluation of progressive dyspnea and clinical signs suggestive of central neurological disease. Thoracic radiographs showed a diffuse and heavy interstitial/alveolar lung pattern. Babesiosis was diagnosed based on blood smear evaluation. The dog died of cardiopulmonary arrest 6 hours after presentation. Cerebral babesiosis and ARDS were confirmed at necropsy. Major pathological findings included erythrocyte aggregation in the lungs, liver, and brain.
New or Unique Information Provided
This case report describes an unusual clinical presentation of Babesia canis canis infection, the most common species associated with babesiosis in Europe. In addition, this is to our knowledge the first case of Babesia-associated ARDS confirmed by histopathology in a dog.