The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Spontaneous pneumothorax associated with Aspergillus bronchopneumonia in a dog
Article first published online: 4 DEC 2013
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2013
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 23, Issue 6, pages 624–630, November/December 2013
How to Cite
Trempala, C. L. and Herold, L. V. (2013), Spontaneous pneumothorax associated with Aspergillus bronchopneumonia in a dog. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 23: 624–630. doi: 10.1111/vec.12118
- Issue published online: 4 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 4 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 2 APR 2012
- fungal pneumonia;
- respiratory tract infectious diseases;
- respiratory tract surgery
To describe a case of pulmonary aspergillosis in a previously healthy dog that manifested as a spontaneous pneumothorax.
A 3-year-old neutered male mixed-breed dog was presented with inappetence and respiratory distress. Thoracic radiography revealed a right-sided pneumothorax. Following stabilization, thoracic computed tomography found 1 large and many small pulmonary blebs in the right caudal lung lobe. The dog underwent a right lateral thoracotomy, identifying numerous emphysematous regions in the right middle lung lobe, and a right middle lung lobectomy was performed. Histopathologic examination of the resected lung lobe revealed severe, diffuse bronchopneumonia with necrotizing pleuritis and the presence of fungal organisms strongly suggestive of Aspergillus sp. Surgical removal of the affected lung lobe and continued medical treatment with itraconazole resolved the dog's clinical signs.
New Information Provided
This report describes the successful surgical and medical management of Aspergillus bronchopneumonia in a dog presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax.