The authors declare no conflicts of interests.
Acid base, electrolyte, glucose, and lactate values during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs and cats
Article first published online: 16 APR 2014
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2014
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 208–214, March/April 2014
How to Cite
Hopper, K., Borchers, A. and Epstein, S. E. (2014), Acid base, electrolyte, glucose, and lactate values during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs and cats. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 24: 208–214. doi: 10.1111/vec.12151
- Issue published online: 16 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 16 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 6 AUG 2012
- metabolic acidosis
To report acid base, electrolyte, glucose, and lactate values collected during or immediately after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in dogs and cats.
University Teaching Hospital.
Thirty-two dogs and 10 cats.
Measurements and Main Results
Blood gas, electrolyte, glucose, and lactate values measured during CPR or within 5 minutes of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were retrospectively evaluated. The time of blood collection with respect to the occurrence of cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA), the initiation of CPR or ROSC was noted. Forty-two venous blood samples were analyzed, 24 collected during CPR and 18 samples were collected within 5 minutes of ROSC. Metabolic acidosis and hyperlactatemia were evident in all samples in the study while an increased PvCO2 occurred in 88% of samples collected during CPR and in 61% of samples collected following ROSC. Hyperkalemia occurred in 65% of all cases, decreased ionized calcium was evident in 18%, hypoglycemia was evident in 21% while hyperglycemia was evident in 62%. There was no significant difference in any parameter evaluated between dogs and cats during CPR.
There was no significant difference of any variable measured during the first 15 minutes of CPA versus those measured more than 15 minutes following CPA. When the values measured during the first 5 minutes of ROSC were compared to those measured during CPR, the pH and PvO2 were significantly lower in the CPR group.
Biochemical abnormalities including metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, ionized hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, and hyperglycemia can be identified during CPR and immediately following ROSC. The therapeutic and prognostic relevance of these changes are yet to be defined and may prove to be useful to guide patient management in the future.