The authors declare no conflict of interests.
Accuracy of different temperature reading techniques and associated stress response in hospitalized dogs
Article first published online: 3 APR 2014
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2014
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 279–285, May/June 2014
How to Cite
Gomart, S. B., Allerton, F. J. W. and Gommeren, K. (2014), Accuracy of different temperature reading techniques and associated stress response in hospitalized dogs. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 24: 279–285. doi: 10.1111/vec.12155
Offprints will not be available from the authors.
Presented as a poster at the 11th Congress of the European Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society in Barcelona in June 2012.
- Issue published online: 24 JUN 2014
- Article first published online: 3 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUN 2012
- body temperature;
To evaluate the accuracy and associated induced stress response of axillary, auricular, and rectal thermometry in hospitalized dogs.
Prospective observational study from October 2011 to February 2012.
University veterinary teaching hospital.
Two hundred fifty hospitalized dogs. All hospitalized dogs were considered eligible unless their condition precluded measurement at one of the designated sites.
A veterinary auricular infrared device for auricular temperature (OT) and an electronic predictive thermometer for rectal temperature (RT) and axillary temperature (AT) were used for temperature measurements. All recordings were obtained by the same investigator in a randomized fashion. Heart rate was noted before and immediately after each measurement. Stress behaviors (eg, vocalization, lip licking, shaking, panting, defensive behavior) were also recorded and graded from 0 (lowest) to 4 (highest). Signalment, analgesic therapy, and length of hospitalization were recorded.
Measurements and Main Results
RT measurements were associated with greatest increase in heart rate (P < 0.05). Scores obtained for defensive behavior, lip licking, and vocalization were lowest with AT and highest with RT measurements (P < 0.05).
Mean RT, AT, and OT were 38.0°C (SD: 0.85°C), 37.0°C (SD: 0.99°C), and 37.23°C (SD: 1.0382°C), respectively. AT and OT were moderately correlated with RT (r = 0.70 and r = 0.64, respectively). Gender (P = 0.02) and coat length (P = 0.03) had a significant influence on results. No effect of dehydration, body condition, analgesia, age, reproductive status, or operator experience was observed (P > 0.05).
AT and to a lesser extent OT are reliable, less stressful alternatives to estimate RT in dogs. Further studies are needed to evaluate these techniques in hyperthermic dogs, and to evaluate the use of AT and OT as monitoring tools in intensive care patients.