Measuring level of agreement between values obtained by directly measured blood pressure and ultrasonic Doppler flow detector in cats

Authors

  • Anderson F. da Cunha DVM, MS, DACVAA,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
    • Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. da Cunha, Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, The Louisiana State University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, LA 70803. Email: adacunha@vetmed.lsu.edu

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  • Katrin Saile DVM, MS, DACVS,

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • Hugues Beaufrère Dr. Med.Vet., PhD, DABVP (Avian), DECZM (Avian),

    1. Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, ON, Canada
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  • Wendy Wolfson DVM,

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • Diana Seaton BA, DVM,

    1. Banfield Pet Hospital of Slidel, LA
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  • Mark J. Acierno MBA, DVM, DACVIM

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • The authors declare no conflict of interests.

  • Presented as an abstract at the International Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Symposium/American College of Veterinary Anesthesia meeting, San Antonio, TX, September 2012.

Abstract

Objective

To determine if blood pressure measured with an ultrasonic Doppler flow detector (Doppler) is in good agreement with directly measured blood pressures in anesthetized cats.

Design

Prospective observational study.

Setting

University veterinary teaching hospital.

Animals

Thirty-nine cats undergoing routine neutering.

Interventions

Cats were divided into 2 groups; 19 cats enrolled in Group A had a 24-Ga catheter inserted into a dorsal pedal artery; 20 cats in Group B had a 20-Ga catheter placed in a femoral artery. In both groups, systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressures were directly measured using a validated pressure measurement system. Indirect values were compared against direct blood pressure measurements.

Results

There was no difference between groups. Overall, there was poor agreement with a significant bias observed between Doppler and directly measured blood pressures. For the systolic arterial pressure the bias was −8.8 with limits of agreements (LOA) of −39.3 and 21.7. For the mean arterial pressure, the bias was 14.0 with LOA of −13.9 and 41.9. For the diastolic arterial pressure, the bias was 27.9 with LOA of −4.4 and 60.2. Methodology, weight, sex, and replicates did not have a significant effect on the difference between indirect and direct measurements in any model.

Conclusions

Results suggest poor agreement between Doppler values and directly measured blood pressures in anesthetized cats. Use of Doppler in cats could be misleading and readings should be interpreted with caution in a clinical context.

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