Portions of this study were presented at the American College of Veterinary Radiology Annual Scientific Meeting, October 14, 2011, Albuquerque, NM.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING OF THE CANINE ABDOMEN: EFFECT OF PULSE SEQUENCE ON DIAGNOSTIC QUALITY
Article first published online: 14 MAR 2013
© 2013 Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Volume 54, Issue 3, pages 253–262, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Manley, R., Matthews, A. R., Morandi, F., Henry, G. A., DeAnna, K. H., Conklin, G. and Reed, A. (2013), MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING OF THE CANINE ABDOMEN: EFFECT OF PULSE SEQUENCE ON DIAGNOSTIC QUALITY. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 54: 253–262. doi: 10.1111/vru.12017
- Issue published online: 10 MAY 2013
- Article first published online: 14 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 12 JUN 2012
- motion artifact
Motion artifact is an important limiting factor for abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in veterinary patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pulse sequence on abdominal MRI diagnostic quality in dogs. Ten normal dogs were each scanned using 16 MRI pulse sequences. Sequences included breath-holding sequences, respiratory navigation sequences, and traditional spin-echo sequences. Four observers independently scored diagnostic quality for each sequence based on the appearance of specific organs, overall diagnostic quality, and degree of artifactual interference. Signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio were also calculated for each sequence. The sequence with the highest overall mean diagnostic quality score was the dorsal T2 turbo spin echo (TSE) with fat saturation and breath-holding. The sequence with the lowest mean diagnostic quality score was the dorsal T2 fast spin echo. The sequence with the highest signal-to-noise ratio for all evaluated organs was the sagittal T1 spin echo. Signal-to-noise and contrast-to-noise ratios did not correlate with subjective assessment of overall diagnostic quality for the majority of the sequences evaluated (P < 0.05). The three sequences considered to have the highest diagnostic quality for the cranial abdomen were the dorsal T2 TSE with fat saturation and breath-hold, transverse T1 turbo fast low-angle shot gradient echo with breath-hold, and dorsal T2 half-Fourier acquisition single shot TSE with respiratory navigation. These sequences had short acquisition times, yielded studies of similar diagnostic quality, provided complementary information, and are therefore recommended for routine canine abdominal MRI protocols.