SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Constantinescu GM, Shaller O. Illustrated veterinary anatomical nomenclature, 3rd ed. Stuttgart: Enke Verlag, 2012;510.
  • 2
    Hayreh S. Pathogenesis of oedema of the optic disc (papilloedema). A preliminary report. Br J Ophthalmol 1964;48:522543.
  • 3
    Takeuchi N, Horikoshi T, Kinouchi H, et al. Diagnostic value of the optic nerve sheath subarachnoid space in patients with intracranial hypotension syndrome. J Neurosurg 2012;117:372377.
  • 4
    Watanabe A, Kinouchi H, Horikoshi T, Uchida M, Ishigame K. Effect of intracranial pressure on the diameter of the optic nerve sheath. J Neurosurg 2008;109:255258.
  • 5
    Kimberly HH, Shah S, Marill K, Noble V. Correlation of optic nerve sheath diameter with direct measurement of intracranial pressure. Acad Emerg Med 2008;15:201204.
  • 6
    Shofty B, Ben-Sira L, Constantini S, Freedman S, Kesler A. Optic nerve sheath diameter on MR imaging: establishment of norms and comparison of pediatric patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension with healthy controls. Am J Neuroradiol 2012;33:366369.
  • 7
    Kimberly HH, Noble VE. Using MRI of the optic nerve sheath to detect elevated intracranial pressure. Crit Care 2008;12:181.
  • 8
    Geeraerts T, Newcombe VF, Coles JP, et al. Use of T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the optic nerve sheath to detect raised intracranial pressure. Crit Care 2008;12:R114.
  • 9
    Geeraerts T, Merceron S, Benhamou D, Vigué B, Duranteau J. Non-invasive assessment of intracranial pressure using ocular sonography in neurocritical care patients. Intensive Care Med 2008;34:20622067.
  • 10
    Potgieter DW, Kippin A, Ngu F, McKean C. Can accurate ultrasonographic measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (a non-invasive measure of intracranial pressure) be taught to novice operators in a single training session?Anaesth Intensive Care 2011;39:95100.
  • 11
    Lee HC, Choi HJ, Yoon JH. Ultrasonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in normal dogs. J Vet Sci 2003;4:265268.
  • 12
    Boroffka SA, Görig C, Auriemma E, Passon-Vastenburg MH, Voorhout G, Barthez PY. Magnetic resonance imaging of the canine optic nerve. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2008;49:540544.
  • 13
    Goel RS, Goyal NK, Dharap SB, Kumar M, Gore MA. Utility of optic nerve ultrasonography in head injury. Injury 2008;39:519524.
  • 14
    Watanabe A, Horikoshi T, Uchida M, Ishigame K, Kinouchi H. Decreased diameter of the optic nerve sheath associated with CSF hypovolemia. Am J Neuroradiol 2008;29:863864.
  • 15
    Skoloudík D, Herzig R, Fadrná T, et al. Distal enlargement of the optic nerve sheath in the hyperacute stage of intracerebral haemorrhage. Br J Ophthalmol 2011;95:217221.
  • 16
    Abegão Pinto L, Vandewalle E, Pronk A, Stalmans I. Intraocular pressure correlates with optic nerve sheath diameter in patients with normal tension glaucoma. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2012;250:10751080.
  • 17
    Major R, Girling S, Boyle A. Ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in patients with a clinical suspicion of raised intracranial pressure. Emer Med J 2011;28:679681.
  • 18
    Dubost C, Le Gouez A, Jouffroy V, et al. Optic nerve sheath diameter used as ultrasonographic assessment of the incidence of raised intracranial pressure in preeclampsia: a pilot study. Anesthesiology 2012;116:10661071.
  • 19
    Cammarata G, Ristagno G, Cammarata A, Mannanici G, Denaro C, Gullo A. Ocular ultrasound to detect intracranial hypertension in trauma patients. J Trauma 2011;71:779781.
  • 20
    Rajajee V, Vanaman M, Fletcher JJ, Jacobs TL. Optic nerve ultrasound for the detection of raised intracranial pressure. Neurocrit Care 2011;15:506515.
  • 21
    Strumwasser A, Kwan RO, Yeung L, et al. Sonographic optic nerve sheath diameter as an estimate of intracranial pressure in adult trauma. J Surg Res 2011;170:265271.
  • 22
    Hamilton DR, Sargsyan AE, Melton SL, et al. Sonography for determining the optic nerve sheath diameter with increasing intracranial pressure in a porcine model. J Ultrasound Med 2011;30:651659.
  • 23
    Bäuerle J, Nedelmann M. Sonographic assessment of the optic nerve sheath in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. J Neurol 2011;258:20142019.
  • 24
    Hansen HC, Lagrèze W, Krueger O, Helmke K. Dependence of the optic nerve sheath diameter on acutely applied subarachnoidal pressure—an experimental ultrasound study. Acta Ophthalmol 2011;89:e528e532.
  • 25
    Dubourg J, Javouhey E, Geeraerts T, Messerer M, Kassai B. Ultrasonography of optic nerve sheath diameter for detection of raised intracranial pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Intensive Care Med 2011;37:10591068.
  • 26
    Moretti R, Pizzi B. Ultrasonography of the optic nerve in neurocritically ill patients. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2011;55:644652.
  • 27
    Jaggi GP, Miller NR, Flammer J, Weinreb RN, Remonda L, Killer HE. Optic nerve sheath diameter in normal-tension glaucoma patients. Br J Ophthalmol 2012;96:5356.
  • 28
    Bäuerle J, Lochner P, Kaps M, Nedelmann M. Intra- and interobsever reliability of sonographic assessment of the optic nerve sheath diameter in healthy adults. J Neuroimaging 2012;22:4245.
  • 29
    Geeraerts T, Dubost C. Theme: neurology–optic nerve sheath diameter measurement as a risk marker for significant intracranial hypertension. Biomark Med 2009;3:129137.
  • 30
    Soldatos T, Chatzimichail K, Papathanasiou M, Gouliamos A. Optic nerve sonography: a new window for the non-invasive evaluation of intracranial pressure in brain injury. Emerg Med J 2009;26:630634.
  • 31
    Moretti R, Pizzi B, Cassini F, Vivaldi N. Reliability of optic nerve ultrasound for the evaluation of patients with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care 2009;11:406410.
  • 32
    Le A, Hoehn ME, Smith ME, Spentzas T, Schlappy D, Pershad J. Bedside sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter as a predictor of increased intracranial pressure in children. Ann Emerg Med 2009;53:785791.
  • 33
    Moretti R, Pizzi B. Optic nerve ultrasound for detection of intracranial hypertension in intracranial hemorrhage patients: confirmation of previous findings in a different patient population. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2009;21:1620.
  • 34
    Beare NA, Kampondeni S, Glover SJ, et al. Detection of raised intracranial pressure by ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in African children. Trop Med Int Health 2008;13:14001404.
  • 35
    McAuley D, Paterson A, Sweeney L. Optic nerve sheath ultrasound in the assessment of paediatric hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst 2009;25:8790.
  • 36
    Geeraerts T, Launey Y, Martin L, et al. Ultrasonography of the optic nerve sheath may be useful for detecting raised intracranial pressure after severe brain injury. Intensive Care Med 2007;33:17041711.
  • 37
    Tayal VS, Neulander M, Norton HJ, Foster T, Saunders T, Blaivas M. Emergency department sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter to detect findings of increased intracranial pressure in adult head injury patients. Ann Emerg Med 2007;49:508514.
  • 38
    Blaivas M, Theodoro D, Sierzenski PR. Elevated intracranial pressure detected by bedside emergency ultrasonography of the optic nerve sheath. Acad Emerg Med 2003;10:376381.
  • 39
    Newman WD, Hollman AS, Dutton GN, Carachi R. Measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter by ultrasound: a means of detecting acute raised intracranial pressure in hydrocephalus. Br J Ophthalmol 2002;86:11091113.
  • 40
    Hansen HC, Helmke K. Validation of the optic nerve sheath response to changing cerebrospinal fluid pressure: ultrasound findings during intrathecal infusion tests. J Neurosurg 1997;87:3440.
  • 41
    Helmke K, Hansen HC. Fundamentals of transorbital sonographic evaluation of optic nerve sheath expansion under intracranial hypertension II. Patient study. Pediatr Radiol 1996;26:706710.
  • 42
    Helmke K, Hansen HC. Fundamentals of transorbital sonographic evaluation of optic nerve sheath expansion under intracranial hypertension. I. Experimental study. Pediatr Radiol 1996;26:701705.
  • 43
    Hansen HC, Helmke K. The subarachnoid space surrounding the optic nerves. An ultrasound study of the optic nerve sheath. Surg Radiol Anat 1996;18:323328.