SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, L. C., A. S. Turmelle, E. P. Widmaier, N. I. Hristov, G. F. Mccracken, and T. H. Kunz, 2011: Variation in physiological stress between bridge- and cave-roosting Brazilian free-tailed bats. Conserv. Biol.25, 374381.
  • Altizer, S., A. Dobson, P. Hosseini, P. Hudson, M. Pascual, and P. Rohani, 2006: Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases. Ecol. Lett.9, 467484.
  • Altizer, S., R. Bartel, and B. A. Han, 2011: Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science331, 296302.
  • Amengual, B., H. Bourhy, M. Lopez-Roig, and J. Serra-Cobo, 2007: Temporal dynamics of European bat Lyssavirus type 1 and survival of Myotis myotis bats in natural colonies. PLoS One2, e566.
  • Anderson, R. M., and R. M. May, 1979: Population biology of infectious diseases: Part I. Nature280, 361367.
  • Bai, Y., M. Kosoy, S. Recuenco, D. Alvarez, D. Moran, A. Turmelle, J. Ellison, D. L. Garcia, A. Estevez, K. Lindblade, and C. Rupprecht, 2011: Bartonella spp. in Bats, Guatemala. Emerg. Infect. Dis.17, 12691272.
  • Begon, M., S. M. Hazel, S. Telfer, K. Bown, D. Carslake, R. Cavanagh, J. Chantrey, T. Jones, and M. Bennett, 2003: Rodents, cowpox virus and islands: densities, numbers and thresholds. J. Anim. Ecol.72, 343355.
  • Begon, M., S. Telfer, M. J. Smith, S. Burthe, S. Paterson, and X. Lambin, 2009: Seasonal host dynamics drive the timing of recurrent epidemics in a wildlife population. Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.276, 16031610.
  • Bermejo, M., J. D. Rodriguez-Teijeiro, G. Illera, A. Barroso, C. Vila, and P. D. Walsh, 2006: Ebola outbreak killed 5000 gorillas. Science314, 1564.
  • Bernard, R. T. F., and G. S. Cumming, 1997: African bats: evolution of reproductive patterns and delays. Q. Rev. Biol.72, 253274.
  • Betke, M., D. E. Hirsh, N. C. Makris, G. F. Mccracken, M. Procopio, N. I. Hristov, S. Tang, A. Bagchi, J. D. Reichard, J. W. Horn, S. Crampton, C. J. Cleveland, and T. H. Kunz, 2008: Thermal imaging reveals significantly smaller Brazilian free-tailed bat colonies than previously estimated. J. Mammal.89, 1824.
  • Betts, B. J., 1998: Roosts used by maternity colonies of silver-haired bats in northeastern Oregon. J. Mammal.79, 643650.
  • Bharti, N., A. J. Tatem, M. J. Ferrari, R. F. Grais, A. Djibo, and B. T. Grenfell, 2011: Explaining seasonal fluctuations of measles in Niger using nighttime lights imagery. Science334, 14241427.
  • Blehert, D. S., A. C. Hicks, M. Behr, C. U. Meteyer, B. M. Berlowski-Zier, E. L. Buckles, J. T. H. Coleman, S. R. Darling, A. Gargas, R. Niver, J. C. Okoniewski, R. J. Rudd, and W. B. Stone, 2009: Bat white-nose syndrome: an emerging fungal pathogen?Science323, 227.
  • Boots, M., and A. Sasaki, 1999: ‘Small worlds’ and the evolution of virulence: infection occurs locally and at a distance. Proc. R. Soc. B266, 19331938.
  • Boots, M., P. J. Hudson, and A. Sasaki, 2004: Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate to host population structure. Science303, 842844.
  • Bouma, H. R., H. V. Carey, and F. G. M. Kroese, 2010: Hibernation: the immune system at rest?J. Leukoc. Biol.88, 619624.
  • Breed, A. C., H. E. Field, C. S. Smith, J. Edmonston, and J. Meers, 2010: Bats without borders: long-distance movements and implications for disease risk management. EcoHealth7, 204212.
  • Breed, A. C., M. F. Breed, J. Meers, and H. E. Field, 2011: Evidence of endemic Hendra virus infection in flying-foxes (Pteropus conspicillatus)—implications for disease risk management. PLoS One6, e28816.
  • Buhnerkempe, M. G., R. J. Eisen, B. Goodell, K. L. Gage, M. F. Antolin, and C. T. Webb, 2011: Transmission shifts underlie variability in population responses to Yersinia pestis infection. PLoS One6, e22498.
  • Calisher, C. H., J. E. Childs, H. E. Field, K. V. Holmes, and T. Schountz, 2006: Bats: important reservoir hosts of emerging viruses. Clin. Microbiol. Rev.19, 531545.
  • Cheng, V. C., S. K. Lau, P. C. Woo, and K. Y. Yuen, 2007: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus as an agent of emerging and reemerging infection. Clin. Microbiol. Rev.20, 660694.
  • Childs, J. E., A. T. Curns, M. E. Dey, L. A. Real, L. Feinstein, O. N. Bjornstad, and J. W. Krebs, 2000: Predicting the local dynamics of epizootic rabies among raccoons in the United States. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A97, 1366613671.
  • Choisy, M., and P. Rohani, 2006: Harvesting can increase severity of wildlife disease epidemics. Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.273, 20252034.
  • Chua, K. B., C. L. Koh, P. S. Hooi, K. F. Wee, J. H. Khong, B. H. Chua, Y. P. Chan, M. E. Lim, and S. K. Lam, 2002: Isolation of Nipah virus from Malaysian Island flying-foxes. Microbes Infect.4, 145151.
  • Coburn, D. K., and F. Geiser, 1998: Seasonal changes in energetics and torpor patterns in the subtropical blossom-bat Syconycteris australis (Megachiroptera). Oecologia113, 467473.
  • Colchero, F., and J. S. Clark, 2012: Bayesian inference on age-specific survival for censored and truncated data. J. Anim. Ecol.81, 139149.
  • Crameri, G., S. Todd, S. Grimley, J. A. Mceachern, G. A. Marsh, C. Smith, M. Tachedjian, C. De Jong, E. R. Virture, M. Yu, D. Bulach, J.-P. Lui, W. P. Michalski, D. Middleton, H. E. Field, and L.-F. Wang, 2009: Establishment, immortalisation and characterisation of Pteropid bat cell lines. PLoS One4, e8266.
  • Cryan, P. M., 2003: Seasonal distribution of migratory tree bats (Lasiurus and Lasionycteris) in North America. J. Mammal.84, 579593.
  • Cryan, P. M., and R. Diehl, 2009: Analyzing bat migration. In: Kunz, T. H., and S. Parsons (eds) Ecological and Behavioural Methods for the Study of Bats, 2nd edn, pp. 476488. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Cryan, P. M., M. A. Bogan, and J. S. Altenbach, 2000: Effect of elevation on distribution of female bats in the Black Hills, South Dakota. J. Mammal.81, 719725.
  • Cryan, P. M., C. U. Meteyer, J. G. Boyles, and D. S. Blehert, 2010: Wing pathology of white-nose syndrome in bats suggests life-threatening disruption of physiology. BMC Biol.8, 135.
  • Cui, J., N. Han, D. Streicker, G. Li, X. Tang, Z. Shi, Z. Hu, G. Zhao, A. Fontanet, Y. Guan, L. Wang, G. Jones, H. E. Field, P. Daszak, and S. Zhang, 2007: Evolutionary relationships between bat coronaviruses and their hosts. Emerg. Infect. Dis.13, 15261532.
  • Daszak, P., A. A. Cunningham, and A. D. Hyatt, 2000: Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife – threats to biodiversity and human health. Science287, 443449.
  • Davies, T. J., and A. B. Pedersen, 2008: Phylogeny and geography predict pathogen community similarity in wild primates and humans. Proc. R. Soc. B275, 16951701.
  • Dietzschold, B., K. Morimoto, D. C. Hooper, J. S. Smith, C. E. Rupprecht, and H. Koprowski, 2000: Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of rabies virus variants involved in human rabies: implications for postexposure prophylaxis. J. Hum. Virol.3, 5057.
  • Dimitrov, D. T., and T. G. Hallam, 2009: Effects of immune system diversity and physical variation of immunotypic mixing on the dynamics of rabies in bats. J. Biol. Dyn.3, 164179.
  • Dimitrov, D. T., T. G. Hallam, C. E. Rupprecht, A. S. Turmelle, and G. F. Mccracken, 2007: Integrative models of bat rabies immunology, epizootiology and disease demography. J. Theor. Biol.245, 498509.
  • Dimitrov, D. T., T. G. Hallam, C. E. Rupprecht, and G. F. Mccracken, 2008: Adaptive modeling of viral diseases in bats with a focus on rabies. J. Theor. Biol.255, 6980.
  • Dominguez, S. R., T. J. O’Shea, L. M. Oko, and K. V. Holmes, 2007: Detection of group 1 coronaviruses in bats in North America. Emerg. Infect. Dis.13, 12951300.
  • Drexler, J. F., V. M. Corman, T. Wegner, A. F. Tateno, R. M. Zerbinati, F. Gloza-Rausch, A. Seebens, M. A. Muller, and C. Drosten, 2011: Amplification of emerging viruses in a bat colony. Emerg. Infect. Dis.17, 449456.
  • Drexler, J. F., V. M. Corman, M. A. Müller, G. D. Maganga, P. Vallo, T. Binger, F. Gloza-Rausch, A. Rasche, S. Yordanov, A. Seebens, S. Oppong, Y. A. Sarkodie, C. Pongombo, A. N. Lukashev, J. Schmidt-Chanasit, A. Stöcker, A. J Borges Cameiro, S. Erbar, A. Maisner, F. Fronhoffs, R. Buettner, E. K. V. Kalko, T. Kruppa, C. R. Franke, R. Kallies, E. R. N. Yandoko, G. Herrler, C. Reusken, A. Hassanin, D. H. Krüger, S. Matthee, R. G. Ulrich, E. M. Leroy, and C. Drosten, 2012: Bats host major mammalian paramyxoviruses. Nat. Commun.3, 796. doi: 10.1038.
  • Duke-Sylvester, S. M., L. Bolzoni, and L. A. Real, 2011: Strong seasonality produces spatial asynchrony in the outbreak of infectious diseases. J. R. Soc. Interface8, 817825.
  • Epstein, J. H., K. J. Olival, J. R. C. Pulliam, S. Smith, J. Westrum, T. Hughes, A. P. Dobson, A. Zubaid, S. A. Rahman, M. M. Basir, H. E. Field, and P. Daszak, 2009: Pteropus vampyrus, a hunted migratory species with a multinational home-range and a need for regional management. J. Appl. Ecol.46, 9911002.
  • Faber, M., R. Pulmanausahakul, K. Nagao, M. Prosniak, A. B. Rice, H. Koprowski, M. J. Schnell, and B. Dietzschold, 2004: Identification of viral genomic elements responsible for rabies virus neuroinvasiveness. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A101, 1632816332.
  • Ferrari, M. J., R. F. Grais, N. Bharti, A. J. Conlan, O. N. Bjørnstad, L. J. Wolfson, P. J. Guerin, A. Djibo, and B. T. Grenfell, 2008: The dynamics of measles in sub-Saharan Africa. Nature451, 679684.
  • Field, H., C. De Jong, D. Melville, C. Smith, I. Smith, A. Broos, H. Y. Kung, A. Mclaughlin, and A. Zeddeman, 2011: Hendra virus infection dynamics in Australian fruit bats. PLoS One6, e28678.
  • Finkenstadt, B., and B. Grenfell, 1998: Empirical determinants of measles metapopulation dynamics in England and Wales. Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.265, 211220.
  • Finkenstadt, B., M. Keeling, and B. Grenfell, 1998: Patterns of density dependence in measles dynamic s. Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.265, 753762.
  • Firth, C., A. Kitchen, B. Shapiro, M. A. Suchard, E. C. Homes, and A. Rambaut, 2010: Using time-structured data to estimate evolutionary rates of double-stranded DNA viruses. Mol. Biol. Evol.27, 20382051.
  • Fleming, T. H., E. T. Hooper, and D. E. Wilson, 1972: Three Central American bat communities: structure, reproductive cycles and movement patterns. Ecology53, 555569.
  • Foley, J., D. Clifford, K. Castle, P. Cryan, and R. S. Ostfeld, 2011: Investigating and managing the rapid emergence of white-nose syndrome, a novel, fatal, infectious disease of hibernating bats. Conserv. Biol.25, 223231.
  • Franka, R., D. G. Constantine, I. Kuzmin, A. Velasco-Villa, S. A. Reeder, D. Streicker, L. A. Orciari, A. J. Wong, J. D. Blanton, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2006: A new phylogenetic lineage of rabies virus associated with western pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus hesperus). J. Gen. Virol.87, 23092321.
  • Franka, R., N. Johnson, T. Muller, A. Vos, L. Neubert, C. Freuling, C. E. Rupprecht, and A. R. Fooks, 2008: Susceptibility of North American big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) to infection with European bat lyssavirus type 1. J. Gen. Virol.89, 19982010.
  • Fraser, E. E., L. P. Mcguire, J. L. Eger, F. J. Longstaffe, and M. B. Fenton, 2012: Evidence of latitudinal migration in tri-colored bats, Perimyotis subflavus. PLoS One7, e31419. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031419.
  • Frick, W. F., J. F. Pollock, A. C. Hicks, K. E. Langwig, D. S. Reynolds, G. G. Turner, C. M. Butchkoski, and T. H. Kunz, 2010: An emerging disease causes regional population collapse of a common North American bat species. Science329, 679682.
  • Gandon, S., 2004: Evolution of multihost parasites. Evolution58, 455469.
  • Geluso, K., 2007: Winter activity of bats over water and along flyways in New Mexico. Southwest. Nat.52, 482492.
  • George, D. B., C. T. Webb, M. L. Farnsworth, T. J. O’Shea, R. A. Bowen, D. L. Smith, T. R. Stanley, L. E. Ellison, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2011: Host and viral ecology determine bat rabies seasonality and maintenance. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA108, 1020810213.
  • Greiner, S., F. Schwarzenberger, and C. C. Voigt, 2011: Predictable timing of oestrus in the tropical bat Saccopteryx bilineata living in a Costa Rican rain forest. J. Trop. Ecol.27, 121131.
  • Halpin, K., P. L. Young, H. E. Field, and J. S. Mackenzie, 2000: Isolation of Hendra virus from pteropid bats: a natural reservoir of Hendra virus. J. Gen. Virol.81, 19271932.
  • Halpin, K., A. D. Hyatt, R. Fogarty, D. Middleton, J. Bingham, J. H. Epstein, S. A. Rahman, T. Hughes, C. Smith, H. E. Field, P. Daszak, and Henipavirus Research Group, 2011: Pteropid bats are confirmed as the reservoir hosts of henipaviruses: a comprehensive experimental study of virus transmission. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.85, 946951.
  • Hampson, K., J. Dushoff, S. Cleaveland, D. T. Haydon, M. Kaare, C. Packer, and A. Dobson, 2009: Transmission dynamics and prospects for the elimination of canine rabies. PLoS Biol.7, e1000053.
  • Hayman, D. T., P. Emmerich, M. Yu, L. F. Wang, R. Suu-Ire, A. R. Fooks, A. A. Cunningham, and J. L. Wood, 2010: Long-term survival of an urban fruit bat seropositive for ebola and lagos bat viruses. PLoS One5, e11978. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011978.
  • Hayman, D. T. S., A. R. Fooks, J. R. Rowcliffe, O. Restif, K. S. Baker, R. Suu-Ire, A. A. Cunningham, and J. L. N. Wood, 2012a: Endemic Lagos bat virus infection in Straw-coloured fruit bats. Epidemiol. Infect. 19, doi: 10.1017/S0950268812000167. In Press.
  • Hayman, D. T. S., M. Mccrea, O. Restif, R. Suu-Ire, A. R. Fooks, J. L. N. Wood, A. A. Cunningham, and J. M. Rowcliffe, 2012b: Demography of straw-colored fruit bats in Ghana. J. Mammal.93. In Press.
  • Heideman, P. D., P. Deoraj, and F. H. Bronson, 1992: Seasonal reproduction of a tropical bat, Anoura geoffroyi, in relation to photoperiod. J. Reprod. Fertil.96, 765773.
  • Hosseini, P. R., A. A. Dhondt, and A. Dobson, 2004: Seasonality and wildlife disease: how seasonal birth, aggregation and variation in immunity affect the dynamics of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches. Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.271, 25692577.
  • Hristov, N. I., M. Betke, and T. H. Kunz, 2008: Applications of thermal infrared imaging for research in aeroecology. Integr. Comp. Biol.48, 5059.
  • Hristov, N. I., M. Betke, D. E. H. Theriault, A. Bagchi, and T. H. Kunz, 2010: Seasonal variation in colony size of Brazilian free-tailed bats at Carlsbad Cavern based on thermal imaging. J. Mammal.91, 183192.
  • Hsu, V. P., M. J. Hossain, U. D. Parashar, M. M. Ali, T. G. Ksiazek, I. Kuzmin, M. Niezgoda, C. Rupprecht, J. Bresee, and R. F. Breiman, 2004: Nipah virus encephalitis reemergence, Bangladesh. Emerg. Infect. Dis.10, 20822087.
  • Hughes, G. J., I. V. Kuzmin, A. Schmitz, J. Blanton, J. Manangan, S. Murphy, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2006: Experimental infection of big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) with Eurasian bat lyssaviruses Aravan, Khujand, and Irkut virus. Arch. Virol.151, 20212035.
  • Humphries, M. M., D. W. Thomas, and J. R. Speakman, 2002: Climate-mediated energetic constraints on the distribution of hibernating mammals. Nature418, 313316.
  • Kamins, A. O., O. Restif, Y. Ntiamoa-Baidu, R. Suu-Ire, D. T. S. Hayman, A. A. Cunningham, N. J. L. Wood, and J. M. Rowcliffe, 2011: Uncovering the fruit bat bushmeat commodity chain and the true extent of bat hunting in Ghana, West Africa. Biol. Conserv.144, 30003008. In press.
  • Keeling, M., and P. Rohani, 2008: Modeling Infectious Diseases in Humans and Animals. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Kerth, G., N. Perony, and F. Schweitzer, 2011: Bats are able to maintain long-term social relationships despite the high fission-fusion dynamics of their groups. Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.278, 27612767.
  • Khan, M. S. U., J. Hossain, E. S. Gurley, N. Nahar, R. Sultana, and S. P. Luby, 2011: Use of infrared camera to understand bats’ access to date palm sap: implications for preventing Nipah virus transmission. EcoHealth7, 517525.
  • Klug, B. J., A. S. Turmelle, J. A. Ellison, E. F. Baerwald, and R. M. R. Barclay, 2011: Rabies prevalence in migratory tree-bats in Alberta and the influence of roosting ecology and sampling methods on reported prevalence of rabies in bats. J. Wildl. Dis.47, 6477.
  • Kosoy, M., Y. Bai, T. Lynch, I. V. Kuzmin, M. Niezgoda, R. Franka, B. Agwanda, R. F. Breiman, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2010: Bartonella spp. in bats, Kenya. Emerg. Infect. Dis.16, 18751881.
  • Krebs, J. W., C. E. Rupprecht, and J. E. Childs, 2000a: Rabies surveillance in the United States during 1999. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.217, 17991811.
  • Krebs, J. W., J. S. Smith, C. E. Rupprecht, and J. E. Childs, 2000b: Mammalian reservoirs and epidemiology of rabies diagnosed in human beings in the United States, 1981–1998. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.916, 345353.
  • Kunz, T. H. (2003) Censusing bats; challenges, solutions, and sampling biases. In: O’Shea, T. J., and M. A. Bogan (eds) Monitoring trends in bat populations of the United States and Territories: problems and prospects. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Discipline, Information and Technology Report 20003-0003.
  • Kurta, A., and R. H. Baker, 1990: Eptesicus fuscus . Mammal. Sp.356, 110.
  • Kuzmin, I. V., R. Franka, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2008a: Experimental infection of big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) with West Caucasian bat virus (WCBV). Dev. Biol. (Basel)131, 327337.
  • Kuzmin, I. V., M. Niezgoda, R. Franka, B. Agwanda, W. Markotter, J. C. Beagley, O. Y. Urazova, R. F. Breiman, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2008b: Lagos bat virus in Kenya. J. Clin. Microbiol.46, 14511461.
  • Kuzmin, I. V., A. S. Turmelle, B. Agwanda, W. Markotter, M. Niezgoda, R. F. Breiman, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2011: Commerson’s leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros commersoni) is the likely reservoir of Shimoni bat virus. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.11, 14651470.
  • Lello, J., B. Boag, A. Fenton, I. R. Stevenson, and P. J. Hudson, 2004: Competition and mutualism among the gut helminths of a mammalian host. Nature428, 840844.
  • Leroy, E. M., B. Kumulungui, X. Pourrut, P. Rouquet, A. Hassanin, P. Yaba, A. Delicat, J. T. Paweska, J. P. Gonzalez, and R. Swanepoel, 2005: Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virus. Nature438, 575576.
  • Li, W., Z. Shi, M. Yu, W. Ren, C. Smith, J. H. Epstein, H. Wang, G. Crameri, Z. Hu, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Mceachern, H. Field, P. Daszak, B. T. Eaton, S. Zhang, and L. F. Wang, 2005: Bats are natural reservoirs of SARS-like coronaviruses. Science310, 676679.
  • Lloyd-Smith, J. O., S. J. Schreiber, P. E. Kopp, and W. M. Getz, 2005: Superspreading and the effect of individual variation on disease emergence. Nature438, 355359.
  • Lloyd-Smith, J. O., D. George, K. M. Pepin, V. E. Pitzer, J. R. Pulliam, A. P. Dobson, P. J. Hudson, and B. T. Grenfell, 2009: Epidemic dynamics at the human-animal interface. Science326, 13621367.
  • Luby, S. P., M. Rahman, M. J. Hossain, L. S. Blum, M. M. Husain, E. Gurley, R. Khan, B. N. Ahmed, S. Rahman, N. Nahar, E. Kenah, J. A. Comer, and T. G. Ksiazek, 2006: Foodborne transmission of Nipah virus, Bangladesh. Emerg. Infect. Dis.12, 18881894.
  • Luis, A. D., and P. J. Hudson, 2006: Hibernation patterns in mammals: a role for bacterial growth?Funct. Ecol.20, 471477.
  • Markotter, W., I. V. Kuzmin, C. E. Rupprecht, and L. H. Nel, 2009: Lagos bat virus virulence in mice inoculated by the peripheral route. Epidemiol. Infect.137, 11551162.
  • Mattson, T. A., S. W. Buskirk, and N. L. Stanton, 1996: Roost sites of the silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans) in the Black Hills, South Dakota. Great Basin Nat.56, 247253.
  • Messenger, S. L., J. S. Smith, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2002: Emerging epidemiology of bat-associated cryptic cases of rabies in humans in the United States. Clin. Infect. Dis.35, 738747.
  • Messenger, S. L., J. S. Smith, L. A. Orciari, P. A. Yager, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2003: Bats, emerging virus infections, and the rabies paradigm. In: Kunz, T. H., and M. B. Fenton (eds), Bat Ecology, pp. 622679. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  • Middleton, D. J., C. J. Morrissy, B. M. Van Der Heide, G. M. Russell, M. A. Braun, H. A. Westbury, K. Halpin, and P. W. Daniels, 2007: Experimental Nipah virus infection in Pteropid bats (Pteropus poliocephalus). J. Comp. Pathol.136, 266272.
  • Monath, T. P., 1999: Ecology of Marburg and Ebola viruses: speculations and directions for future research. J. Infect. Dis.179(Suppl 1), S127S138.
  • Mondul, A. M., J. W. Krebs, and J. E. Childs, 2003: Trends in national surveillance for rabies among bats in the United States (1993–2000). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.222, 633639.
  • Moore, M. S., J. D. Reichard, T. D Murtha, B. Zahedi, R. M. Fallier, and T. H. Kunz, 2011: Specific alterations in complement protein activity of little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) hibernating in white-nose syndrome affected sites. PLoS One6, e27430.
  • Morikawa, S., M. Saijo, and I. Kurane, 2007: Current knowledge on lower virulence of Reston Ebola virus. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.5, 391398.
  • Morimoto, K., M. Patel, S. Corisdeo, D. C. Hooper, Z. F. Fu, C. E. Rupprecht, H. Koprowski, and B. Dietzschold, 1996: Characterization of a unique variant of bat rabies virus responsible for newly emerging human cases in North America. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U S A93, 56535658.
  • Moya, A., E. C. Holmes, and F. Gonzalez-Candelas, 2004: The population genetics and evolutionary epidemiology of RNA viruses. Nat. Rev. Microbiol.2, 279288.
  • Muhldorfer, K., S. Speck, A. Kurth, R. Lesnik, C. Freuling, T. Muller, S. Kramer-Schadt, and G. Wibbelt, 2011: Diseases and causes of death in European Bats: dynamics in disease susceptibility and infection rates. PLoS One6, e29773.
  • Mutere, F. A., 1968: Breeding cycles in tropical bats in Uganda. J. Anim. Ecol.37, 89.
  • Nadin-Davis, S. A., Y. Feng, D. Mousse, A. I. Wandeler, and S. Aris-Brosou, 2010: Spatial and temporal dynamics of rabies virus variants in big brown bat populations across Canada: footprints of an emerging zoonosis. Mol. Ecol.19, 21202136.
  • Nahar, N., R. Sultana, E. S. Gurley, M. J. Hossain, and S. P. Luby, 2011: Date palm sap collection: exploring opportunities to prevent Nipah transmission. EcoHealth7, 196203.
  • Olival, K. J., 2008: Population Genetic Structure and Phylogeography of Southeast Asian Flying Foxes: Implications for Conservation and Disease Ecology. Unpublished PhD thesis. Columbia University, New York.
  • Olival, K. J., J. H. Epstein, L. F. Wang, H. E. Field, and P. Daszak (2012) Are bats unique viral reservoirs? In: Aguirre, A. A., R. S. Ostfeld, and P. Daszak (eds). New Directions in Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Osborne, C., P. M. Cryan, T. J. O’Shea, L. M. Oko, C. Ndaluka, C. H. Calisher, A. D. Berglund, M. L. Klavetter, R. A. Bowen, K. V. Holmes, and S. R. Dominguez, 2011: Alphacoronaviruses in New World bats: prevalence, persistence, phylogeny, and potential for interaction with humans. PLoS One6, e19156.
  • O’Shea, T. J., L. E. Ellison, and T. R. Stanley (2004) Survival estimation in bats: historical overview, critical appraisal, and suggestions for new approaches. In: Thompson, W. L. (ed.) Sampling Rare or Elusive Species: Concepts, Designs, and Techniques for Estimating Population Parameters. Island Press, Washington DC.
  • O’Shea, T. J., L. E. Ellison, D. J. Neubaum, M. A. Neubaum, C. A. Reynolds, and R. A. Bowen, 2010: Recruitment in a Colorado population of big brown bats: breeding probabilities, litter size, and first-year survival. J. Mammal.91, 418428.
  • O’Shea, T. J., D. J. Neubaum, M. A. Neubaum, P. M. Cryan, L. E. Ellison, C. E. Stanley, C. E. Rupprecht, W. J. Pape, and R. A. Bowen, 2011a: Bat ecology and public health surveillance for rabies in an urbanizing region of Colorado. Urban Ecosyst.14, 665697. In Press.
  • O’Shea, T. J., L. E. Ellison, and T. R. Stanley, 2011b: Adult survival and population growth rate in Colorado big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). J. Mammal.32, 433443.
  • Patyk, K., A. Turmelle, J. D. Blanton, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2012: Trends in national surveillance data for bat rabies in the United States: 2001–2009. Zoonoses. Public. Hlth.12.
  • Papadatou, E., C. Ibanez, R. Pradel, and J. Juste, 2011: Assessing survival in a multi-population system: a case study on bat populations. Oecologia165, 925933.
  • Parsons, H. J., D. A. Smith, and R. F. Whittam, 1986: Maternity colonies of silver-haired bats, Lasionycteris noctivagans, in Ontario and Saskatchewan. J. Mammal.67, 598600.
  • Peel, A. J., K. S. Baker, G. Crameri, J. A. Barr, D. T. Hayman, E. Wright, C. C. Broder, A. Fernandez-Loras, A. R. Fooks, L. F. Wang, A. A. Cunningham, and J. L. N. Wood, 2012: Henipavirus neutralising antibodies in an isolated island population of african fruit bats. PLoS One7, e30346.
  • Peterson, A. T., J. T. Bauer, and J. N. Mills, 2004a: Ecologic and geographic distribution of filovirus disease. Emerg. Infect. Dis.10, 4047.
  • Peterson, A. T., D. S. Carroll, J. N. Mills, and K. M. Johnson, 2004b: Potential mammalian filovirus reservoirs. Emerg. Infect. Dis.10, 20732081.
  • Plowright, R. K., H. E. Field, C. Smith, A. Divljan, C. Palmer, G. Tabor, P. Daszak, and J. E. Foley, 2008a: Reproductive and nutritional stress are risk factors for Hendra virus infection in little red flying foxes (Pteropus scapulatus). Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.275, 861869.
  • Plowright, R. K., S. H. Sokolow, M. E. Gorman, P. Daszak, and J. E. Foley, 2008b: Causal inference in disease ecology: investigating ecological drivers of disease emergence. Front. Ecol. Environ.6, 420429.
  • Plowright, R. K., P. Foley, H. E. Field, A. P. Dobson, J. E. Foley, P. Eby, and P. Daszak, 2011: Urban habituation, ecological connectivity and epidemic dampening: the emergence of Hendra virus from flying foxes (Pteropus spp.). Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.278, 37033712.
  • Porter, T. A., and G. S. Wilkinson, 2001: Birth synchrony in greater spear-nosed bats (Phyllostomus hastatus). J. Zool.253, 383390.
  • Pourrut, X., B. Kumulungui, T. Wittmann, G. Moussavou, A. Delicat, P. Yaba, D. Nkoghe, J. P. Gonzalez, and E. M. Leroy, 2005: The natural history of Ebola virus in Africa. Microbes Infect.7, 10051014.
  • Puechmaille, S. J., G. Wibbelt, V. Korn, H. Fuller, F. Forget, K. Muhldorfer, A. Kurth, W. Bogdanowicz, C. Borel, T. Bosch, T. Cherezy, M. Drebet, T. Gorfol, A. J. Haarsma, F. Herhaus, G. Hallart, M. Hammer, C. Jungmann, Y. Le Bris, L. Lutsar, M. Masing, B. Mulkens, K. Passior, M. Starrach, A. Wojtaszewski, U. Zophel, and E. C. Teeling, 2011: Pan-European distribution of white-nose syndrome fungus (Geomyces destructans) not associated with mass mortality. PLoS One6, e19167. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019167.
  • Pulliam, J. R., 2008: Viral host jumps: moving toward a predictive framework. EcoHealth5, 8091.
  • Pulliam, J. R., and J. Dushoff, 2009: Ability to replicate in the cytoplasm predicts zoonotic transmission of livestock viruses. J. Infect. Dis.199, 565568.
  • Pulliam, J. R., J. H. Epstein, J. Dushoff, S. A. Rahman, M. Bunning, A. A. Jamaluddin, A. D. Hyatt, H. E. Field, A. P. Dobson, and P. Daszak, 2011: Agricultural intensification, priming for persistence and the emergence of Nipah virus: a lethal bat-borne zoonosis. J. R. Soc. Interface9, 89101.
  • Racey, P. A., and A. C. Entwistle (2000) Life-history and reproductive strategies of bats. In: Crichton, E. G., and P. H. Krutzsch (eds) Reproductive Biology of Bats. Academic Press, London.
  • Rahman, S. A., S. S. Hassan, K. J. Olival, M. Mohamed, L.-Y. Chang, L. Hassan, N. M. Saad, S. A. Shohaimi, Z. C. Mamat, M.S. Naim, J. H. Epstein, A. S. Suri, H. E. Field, P. Daszak and the Henipavirus Ecology Research Group, (2010): Characterization of Nipah virus from naturally infected Pteropus vampyrus bats, Malaysia. Emerg. Infect. Dis.16, 19901993.
  • Rahman, S. A., L. Hassan, S. H. Sharifah, K. Lazarus, C. M. Zaini, J. M. Epstein, N. Shamsyul Naim, H. E. Field, S. S. Arshad, J. Abdul Aziz, P. Daszak, and Ecohealth Alliance, 2011: Evidence for Nipah virus recrudescence and serological patterns of captive Pteropus vampyrus. Epidemiol. Infect.139, 15701579.
  • Reichard, J. D., S. R. Fellows, and T. H. Kunz, 2010a: Thermoregulation during flight: body temperature and sensible heat loss from free-ranging Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis). Physiol. Biochem. Zool.50, 358370.
  • Reichard, J. D., S. I. Prajapati, S. N. Austad, C. Keller, and T. H. Kunz, 2010b: Thermal windows on Brazilian free-tailed bats facilitate thermoregulation during prolonged flight. Integr. Comp. Biol.50, 358370.
  • Restif, O., D. T. S. Hayman, J. R. C. Pulliam, R. K. Plowright, D. B. George, A. D. Luis, A. A. Cunningham, R. A. Bowen, A. R. Fooks, T. J. O’Shea, J. L. N. Wood, and C. T. Webb, in review: Model-guided fieldwork: practical guidelines for multi-disciplinary research on wildlife ecological and epidemiological dynamics. Ecol. Lett. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01836.x.
  • Reynes, J. M., D. Counor, S. Ong, C. Faure, V. Seng, S. Molia, J. Walston, M. C. Georges-Courbot, V. Deubel, and J. L. Sarthou, 2005: Nipah virus in Lyle’s flying foxes, Cambodia. Emerg. Infect. Dis.11, 10421047.
  • Richter, H. V., and G. S. Cumming, 2006: Food availability and annual migration of the straw-colored fruit bat (Eidolon helvum). J. Zool.268, 3544.
  • Richter, H. V., and G. S. Cumming, 2008: First application of satellite telemetry to track African straw-coloured fruit bat migration. J. Zool.275, 172176.
  • Rohani, P., R. Breban, D. E. Stallknecht, and J. M. Drake, 2009: Environmental transmission of low pathogenicity avian influenza viruses and its implications for pathogen invasion. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A106, 1036510369.
  • Rupprecht, C. E., C. A. Hanlon, and T. Hemachudha, 2002: Rabies re-examined. Lancet Infect. Dis.2, 327343.
  • Sadeghi, M., I. Eckerle, V. Daniel, U. Burkhardt, G. Opelz, and P. Schnitzler, 2011: Cytokine expression during early and late phase of acute Puumala hantavirus infection. BMC Immunol.12, 65.
  • Sadler, W. W., and J. B. Enright, 1959: Effect of metabolic level of the host upon the pathogenesis of rabies in the bat. J. Infect. Dis.105, 267273.
  • Senior, P., R. Butlin, and J. Altringham, 2005: Sex and segregation in temperate Bats. Proc. R. Soc. B272, 24672473.
  • Serra-Cobo, J., B. Amengual, C. Abellan, and H. Bourhy, 2002: European bat lyssavirus infection in Spanish bat populations. Emerg. Infect. Dis.8, 413420.
  • Shankar, V., R. A. Bowen, A. D. Davis, C. E. Rupprecht, and T. J. O’Shea, 2004: Rabies in a captive colony of big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). J. Wildl. Dis.40, 403413.
  • Shankar, V., L. A. Orciari, C. De Mattos, I. V. Kuzmin, W. J. Pape, T. J. O’Shea, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2005: Genetic divergence of rabies viruses from bat species of Colorado, USA. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Dis.5, 330341.
  • Smith, J. S., 1981: Mouse model for abortive rabies infection of the central nervous system. Infect. Immun.31, 297308.
  • Smith, C. S., J. H. Epstein, A. C. Breed, R. K. Plowright, K. J. Olival, C. De Jong, P. Daszak, and H. E. Field, 2011: Satellite telemetry and long-range bat movements. PLoS One6, e14696.
  • Sorensen, U. G., and K. Halberg, 2001: Mammoth roost of nonbreeding straw-coloured fruit bat Eidolon helvum (Kerr, 1792) in Zambia. Afr. J. Ecol.39, 213215.
  • Speakman, J. R., and D. W. Thomas (2003) Physiological ecology and energetics of bats. In: Kunz, T. H., and M. B. Fenton (eds) Bat Ecology, pp. 430492. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Stawski, C., and F. Geiser, 2010: Seasonality of torpor patterns and physiological variables of a free-ranging subtropical bat. J. Exp. Biol.213, 393399.
  • Stawski, C., C. Turbill, and F. Geiser, 2009: Hibernation by a free-ranging subtropical bat (Nyctophilus bifax). J. Comp. Physiol. B.179, 433441.
  • Stone, R., 2011: Epidemiology. Breaking the chain in Bangladesh. Science331, 11281131.
  • Storz, J., H. Bhat, and T. H. Kunz, 2001: Genetic consequences of polygyny and social structure in an Indian fruit bat, Cynopterus sphinx. I. Inbreeding, outbreeding, and population subdivision. Evolution55, 12151223.
  • Streicker, D. G., A. S. Turmelle, M. J. Vonhof, I. V. Kuzmin, G. F. Mccracken, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2010: Host phylogeny constrains cross-species emergence and establishment of rabies virus in bats. Science329, 676679.
  • Struebig, M. J., M. E. Harrison, S. M. Cheyne, and S. H. Limin, 2007: Intensive hunting of large flying foxes Pteropus vampyrus natunae in Central Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. Oryx41, 390393.
  • Sulkin, S. E., R. Allen, R. Sims, P. H. Krutzsch, and C. Kim, 1960: Studies on the pathogenesis of rabies in insectivorous bats II. Influence of environmental temperature. J. Exp. Med.112, 595617.
  • Swanepoel, R., P. A. Leman, F. J. Burt, N. A. Zachariades, L. E. Braack, T. G. Ksiazek, P. E. Rollin, S. R. Zaki, and C. J. Peters, 1996: Experimental inoculation of plants and animals with Ebola virus. Emerg. Infect. Dis.2, 321325.
  • Taylor, M. L., C. B. Chavez-Tapia, A. Rojas-Martinez, M. Del Rocio Reyes-Montes, M. B. Del Valle, and G. Zuniga, 2005: Geographical distribution of genetic polymorphism of the pathogen Histoplasma capsulatum isolated from infected bats, captured in a central zone of Mexico. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol.45, 451458.
  • Telfer, S., X. Lambin, R. Birtles, P. Beldomenico, S. Burthe, S. Paterson, and M. Begon, 2010: Species interactions in a parasite community drive infection risk in a wildlife population. Science330, 243246.
  • Thomas, D. W., 1983: Annual migration of three species of West African fruit bats (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Can. J. Zool.61, 22662272.
  • Tong, S., L. Yan, P. Rivailler, C. Conrardy, D. A. Alcarez Castillo, L.-M. Chen, S. Recuenco, J. Ellison, C. T. Davis, I. A. York, A. S. Turmelle, D. Moran, S. Rogers, M. Shi, Y. Tao, M. R. Weil, K. Tang, L. A. Lowe, S. Sammons, X. Xu, M. Frace, K. A. Lindblade, N. J. Cox, L. J. Anderson, C. E. Rupprecht, and R. O. Donis, 2012: A distinct lineage of influenza A virus from bats. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA109, 42694274. In Press.
  • Towner, J. S., X. Pourrut, C. G. Albarino, C. N. Nkogue, B. H. Bird, G. Grard, T. G. Ksiazek, J. P. Gonzalez, S. T. Nichol, and E. M. Leroy, 2007: Marburg virus infection detected in a common African bat. PLoS One2, e764.
  • Towner, J. S., B. R. Amman, T. K. Sealy, S. A. Carroll, J. A. Comer, A. Kemp, R. Swanepoel, C. D. Paddock, S. Balinandi, M. L. Khristova, P. B. Formenty, C. G. Albarino, D. M. Miller, Z. D. Reed, J. T. Kayiwa, J. N. Mills, D. L. Cannon, P. W. Greer, E. Byaruhanga, E. C. Farnon, P. Atimnedi, S. Okware, E. Katongole-Mbidde, R. Downing, J. W. Tappero, S. R. Zaki, T. G. Ksiazek, S. T. Nichol, and P. E. Rollin, 2009: Isolation of genetically diverse Marburg viruses from Egyptian fruit bats. PLoS Pathog.5, e1000536.
  • Turmelle, A. S. (2009) Ecological and Evolutionary Factors Affecting Rabies Virus Infection in Colonial Insectivorous Bats. PhD, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
  • Turmelle, A. S., and K. J. Olival, 2009: Correlates of viral richness in bats (Order: Chiroptera). EcoHealth6, 522539.
  • Turmelle, A. S., L. C. Allen, F. R. Jackson, T. H. Kunz, C. E. Rupprecht, and G. F. Mccracken, 2010a: Ecology of rabies virus exposure in colonies of Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) at natural and man-made roosts in Texas. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.10, 165175.
  • Turmelle, A. S., F. R. Jackson, D. Green, G. F. Mccracken, and C. E. Rupprecht, 2010b: Host immunity to repeated rabies virus infection in big brown bats. J. Gen. Virol.91, 23602366.
  • Turmelle, A. S., T. H. Kunz, and M. D. Sorenson, 2011: A tale of two genomes: contrasting patterns of phylogeographic structure in a widely distributed bat. Mol. Ecol.20, 357375.
  • Vijaykrishna, D., G. J. Smith, J. X. Zhang, J. S. Peiris, H. Chen, and Y. Guan, 2007: Evolutionary insights into the ecology of coronaviruses. J. Virol.81, 40124020.
  • Wacharapluesadee, S., K. Boongird, S. Wanghongsa, N. Ratanasetyuth, P. Supavonwong, D. Saengsen, G. N. Gongal, and T. Hemachudha, 2010: A longitudinal study of the prevalence of Nipah virus in Pteropus lylei bats in Thailand: evidence for seasonal preference in disease transmission. Vector-borne Zoonotic Dis.10, 183190.
  • Webb, C. T., C. P. Brooks, K. L. Gage, and M. F. Antolin, 2006: Classic flea-borne transmission does not drive plague epizootics in prairie dogs. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.103, 62366241.
  • Weller, T. J., P. M. Cryan, and T. J. O’Shea, 2009: Broadening the focus of bat conservation and research in the USA for the 21st century. Endanger. Species Res.8, 129145.
  • Williams, B. K., B. Nichols, and M. J. Conroy, 2002: Analysis and Management of Animal Populations. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • Williamson, M. M., P. T. Hooper, P. W. Selleck, L. J. Gleeson, P. W. Daniels, H. A. Westbury, and P. K. Murray, 1998: Transmission studies of Hendra virus (equine morbillivirus) in fruit bats, horses and cats. Aust. Vet. J.76, 813818.
  • Williamson, M. M., P. T. Hooper, P. W. Selleck, H. A. Westbury, and R. F. Slocombe, 2000: Experimental Hendra virus infection in pregnant guinea-pigs and fruit bats (Pteropus poliocephalus). J. Comp. Pathol.122, 201207.
  • Wong, S., S. Lau, P. Woo, and K. Y. Yuen, 2007: Bats as a continuing source of emerging infections in humans. Rev. Med. Virol.17, 6791.
  • Woo, P. C., S. K. Lau, and K. Y. Yuen, 2006: Infectious diseases emerging from Chinese wet-markets: zoonotic origins of severe respiratory viral infections. Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis.19, 401407.
  • Wright, E., D. T. S. Hayman, A. Vaughan, N. J. Temperton, J. L. N. Wood, A. A. Cunningham, R. Suu-Ire, R. A. Weiss, and A. R. Fooks, 2010: Virus neutralising activity of African fruit bat (Eidolon helvum) sera against emerging lyssaviruses. Virology408, 183189.